Login with Facebook

What is artificial intelligence and why it matters?

The advances in artificial intelligence obtained in recent years are unprecedented: ever more powerful computers and the possibility of having huge amounts of data, thanks to the Internet, have made it possible to create very elaborate software, which in the coming years could significantly change our relationship with computers, machines and the world in general. Some small pieces of these advances and innovations are already part of our lives, from personal assistants on smartphones like Siri to cars that drive themselves, through sophisticated software like AlphaGo of Google, which last year learned to play the complicated Chinese board game "go" better than anyone else, beating a world champion. But while it is true that our experiences increasingly intersect with "intelligent" software, we are still a long way from creating a true artificial intelligence (AI), able to think and behave like a human being, if not better.

Define the AI

 There is no single definition of artificial intelligence and there is not even a broad consensus among researchers and computer scientists on how it can be defined, because the concept includes a large number of topics ranging from pure computer science to neurology, passing through studies on how our brain works. Generally speaking, we can say very generically: artificial intelligence is the science that deals with how to create intelligent machines, and that has found in the possibilities offered by computer science the most practical and probable way to obtain such a result. This area of ​​science is closely linked to the even wider one that has long been trying to answer the question of questions: how does human intelligence work? Intelligence discoveries could lead us to develop the best possible AI, but according to other researchers, the opposite could happen: by developing an AI we could find out things about how our brain works.

Simplifying, intelligence is the set of psychic and mental capacities that allow us to think, understand actions and facts and know-how to explain to them until we develop abstract models starting from reality. These processes lead to the ability to obtain a result of some kind, with various levels of efficiency depending on the case. L ' intelligence is almost always referred to human intelligence, the one of which we have the knowledge and direct experience, and this complicates our ability to imagine different bits of intelligence, maybe that might be more suitable for the development of an AI.

Intelligence and software


 The particular mechanisms have been identified that are the basis of intelligence. Drawing inspiration from their operation, it was possible to create computers that imitate some of these mechanisms. The problem is that to date we have not yet managed to imitate them and integrate them all, so the AI ​​systems we have are incomplete. A software can, therefore, imitate the mechanisms necessary to win a game of "go" or to drive a car automatically respecting the code of the road, improving these abilities and becoming "intelligent" in a broad sense.

 

In decades of research, different solutions have been tried to reach a real AI. Basically two approaches were chosen: one consisted in observing human behavior, the way we reason and behave, to build software that imitates our logical processes as much as possible; the other is more creative and expects to start from the problems that reality poses and on the basis of these to have AI develop its method of behavior. The two approaches often intersect and one does not necessarily exclude the other, also because the designers are still human beings, with a way of thinking and reasoning that is reflected in the design of the AI.

 

Where does the idea of ​​AI come from?


 The prospect of being able to one day create the machine that can imitate human behavior has emerged in many historical periods, combining mythology, alchemy, the invention of automata and science fiction. But it was the British Alan Turing in 1950 who put together and formalized many of the concepts underlying artificial intelligence, as we understand it today. In his Calculating Machines and Intelligence, he listed the requirements to define a machine as "intelligent". Turing elaborated on the concept of a test, which today bears his name, in which artificial intelligence is revealed as such only if it succeeds in convincing those who are using it to deal with a person and not a machine.

 

The problem with the Turing test is that it allows a partial evaluation by the observer: a machine that surpasses it can be considered intelligent, but at the same time it cannot imitate a human being in everything and his way of thinking. According to some observers, in 2014 software passed the Turing test pretending to be a 13-year-old boy of Ukrainian origins, who asked his interlocutors understanding not to have much command of English, to be a little ignorant and not to follow always the conversation linearly. 

 

In recent years, evolutions of the Turing test have been developed to mitigate the fact that many people conclude that a system is intelligent even if it maintains a very low level of conversation. Some propose to subject the AI ​​to tests in which meaningless questions are included such as "Do footballers with wings on their feet score more often?", Which requires much more complex elaborations to answer, without falling into the trap.

 

Will there ever be an artificial intelligence similar to human intelligence?


 The ultimate goal of AI understood as a science, is to create software that can achieve goals and solve problems in reality as a human being would. The most optimistic think that one day it will be possible to get a car with the necessary skills to think independently. The problem is that, despite the progress of the last few years, many pieces are still missing to reach a goal of this kind: new approaches and ideas are needed, which still have to be imagined.

 

A fascinating idea, which not by chance often occurs in science fiction, involves the creation of a basic AI that mimics the cognitive processes of a child. An AI of this kind could then learn new things, just as it happens during growth, gaining capacity and greater autonomy of thought. Maybe one day someone will succeed, but even in this case they lack the pieces: we are not yet able to create a machine that learns from physical experiences, as well as programs that can effectively interpret the language to understand in depth what they are reading.

 

Why it matters a lot?

 Computer science is the area in which more solutions have been experimented for the creation of artificial intelligence, especially since the second half of the twentieth century. In purely theoretical terms, large computing capacities are not needed to implement an "intelligent" program and, according to some researchers, probably the computers of 30 years ago were already fast enough, and it could not simply program them to create the AI. The progress of the last few years, the possibility of keeping thousands of computers working together on the network and the huge amount of data available via the Internet have been crucial for the evolution of AI towards increasingly intelligent systems, albeit with limited purposes.

Companies like Google, Facebook, Amazon, Uber, and various car manufacturers are investing a lot of resources and money to produce artificial intelligence, at least in the broad sense of the term. Even if in practice it is still impossible to create a computer that thinks like a human being, you can still get some kind of intelligent and skilled software to perform particular tasks. Thanks to neural networks and deep learning ( here we tell you what they are ), Google has, for example, improved its Translator making the automatic translations from different languages ​​such as English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Turkish much more accurate... Facebook has instead created systems to recognize the content in the photographs uploaded by its users more quickly, simplifying the moderation of the contents prohibited on the social network.

Another sector in which the development of artificial intelligence has already given important results is that of cars that drive themselves. The software used by Google, Uber, and others, for now, is not very "smart" and constantly repeat algorithms to recognize road signs, the presence of other vehicles, pedestrians and make predictions about how they will move around the car. The idea, however, is to refine these systems so that through machine learning they learn to improve themselvesartificial intelligence, making automatic driving increasingly safe and reliable.

Author: Vicki Lezama


Comments

Need a custom
essay?

We will write it for you.
Order now

Free Essay Examples

Free essays:

All you need to know about digital special effects
All you need to know Technical Writing?
All you need to know about Work-family balance
All you need to know about Data visualization
Basics the Game Theory in Cryptoeconomics
Business innovation ideas for making money
Biosensors for cancer diagnosis
Business Analysis: Pricing strategies and Demand Curve
Cybersecurity in business: challenges, risks, and practices
Corporate Behavior
Compare and contrast the political theories
Contracting with Moral Hazard and Adverse Selection
Determinants of Wages
Deontology Vs. Utilitarianism
Development of Advertising
Digital Illiteracy
Economic Analysis of Market Structure
Expected Utility
Everything you need to know about workplace diversity
Efficiency and Market Equilibrium
Factors Affecting Purchasing Behavior
Financial Statement Analysis
Factors Influencing Interest and Exchange Rates
Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Response to 2008/2009
Game theory in microeconomics
Globalization: definition, causes, social impact and risks
Gene expression: what it is and why it is important
Global environmental issues
How women can manage sexual harassment
How to conduct economic research?
How to define the Enterprise Value
How cancer is developed - Cancer biology
Investment in Human Capital
Intellectual Property and Product Liability
Introduction to Social Choice and Incarceration
Introduction to Coase Theorem
Journalism: What is News?
Journalism: Broadcast media and Television Presenters
Journalism: Sources of News
Journalism and Law
Key Determinants of National Income
Key Factors That Affect Pricing Decisions
Kinetic models in biology and Related fields
Know about the different forms of traditional African dances
Latest technology trends
Latest dance trends
Modern journalism
Methods of labeling of nucleic acid that enable their detection
Neuromuscular disorders
National Economies, Fluctuation, and Responses to Fluctuations
Neurotransmitters: what they are and different types
Nanomedicines to target tumors
Organizational motivation and its effects
Overcoming Hiring Challenges for Nonprofit Organization
Policy in Corporate Mergers
Political theories of John Locke
Research and Development
Risk Sharing in Insurance and Asset Markets
Risk and the value of information
Reverse discrimination.
Structure of a Corporation
Schizoaffective disorder: how to live better with it
Segregation in the US.
Stages of the Consumer Decision-Making Process
The Role of Internal Audit in Corporate Risk Management
The Use of Law on Economics and Vice Versa
The political theory of Thomas Hobbes
The Game Theory in Social Media
Utilitarianism Vs. Kantianism
Understanding Auctions and Auction Theory: Part 2
Understanding Auctions and Auction Theory: Part 1
Use of Machine Learning in Econometrics
Various theoretical perspectives of sociology
Virtual reality, what it is and how it works
What is big data analytics?
What is Immune System and Immunotherapy?
4 Facts about Origin of Mathematics!
5 techniques to create an animation
10 emerging technologies according to World Economic Forum
10 strategies to maximize corporate profits
3d Model Of Building
6 Medical Technologies that revolutionized the healthcare in 2020
All you need to know about the ACA Code of ethics
Architecture and Democracy: An Introduction
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Values
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Procedures
All You Need to Know About a Synthesis Essay
An essential guide to understanding Film Theory
Application of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security
Applications of electrical engineering
Augmented reality: what it is, how it works, examples
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Social Networking
All you need to know about Cryptography
Applications of astrophysical science
All you need to know about architecture engineering
Applications of geological engineering
Artificial intelligence and medicine: an increasingly close relationship
An insight into Computational Biology
ACA code of conduct
A Rose for Emily
Applications of Mathematics in daily life
Architecture mistakes to avoid
All you need to know about Toxicology
All you need to know about Holistic Medicine
All you need to know about linguistics
An introduction to Linguistics and its subfields
All you need to know about Anxiety disorder
All you need to know about Drones
A Brief Insight into Political Science
Assumptions related to feminism
All you need to know about Byzantine emperors
All you need to know about labour economics
An insight into xenobots -the first-ever robots
An ultimate guide about Biomaterials
A Comprehensive Introduction to the Mona Lisa
Analysis methods of Transport through biological membranes
An ultimate guide about biochemical reactions
Analysis of brain signals
Artificial Gene Synthesis
Application to synthetic biology of CAD methods
All you need to know about metabolic pathways
Applications of BIOMEMS
All you need to know about the epidemiology
Asian vs. western leadership styles
All you need to know about Smart prosthesis
Analysis of Economy: Output of Goods and Services (GNP), and GDP on Economic success
A Guide to Pricing Strategies
An Overview Of Economic Studies
Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policies
Analysis of Business Cycles
Analysis of Consumption and Investment
A Look into Regression Analysis
Analysis of Household's Consumption and Savings Behavior
All you need to know about Capital Budgeting
All you need to know about risk management
Art looted in wartime.
Appropriate use of Data in Economics
All you need to know about reaction kinetics?
A historical overview of Financial Crises
All you need to know about management discipline?
An insight into the error-correction models
All you need to know about Data visualization
All you need to know about Work-family balance
All you need to know Technical Writing?
All you need to know about digital special effects
How to Write a Personal Essay
Housing Needs in America
How to Write a Description Essay
How to Create an Excellent Scholarship Essay?
How to write a cause and effect essay
How to Hire the Best Essay Writing Service Provider?
How to Write a College Application Essay?
How to get the most out of your English lectures
How to write Expository Essay
How to succeed in your psychology class?
How to Write an Academic Essay in the Shortest Time?
History of Journalism
How Different Sectors are Using Artificial intelligence (AI)
How to write an informative essay
How to deliver persuasive essays?
How to Give a Convincing Presentation
How to write an essay on leadership?
Historical Art Still Around Today
Humanoid robot: what it is, how it works and price
History of Chemistry
Healthcare Advanced Computer Power: Robotics, Medical Imaging, and More
Healthcare AI: Game Changers for Medical Decision-Making and Remote Patient Monitoring
How to understand different types of English
How to Cope with Chronic Pain
How African American choreographers and dancers have influenced American dance
How mobile robot can do in logistics or in production
How To Become a Successful Entrepreneur
History of the Philosophy of Feminism
How is the climate changing?
How to Track Your Content Marketing ROI
How to Gun control In the USA?
Historical and contemporary role of labour in the modern world
How breast cancers are classified?
How the cells of our body communicate?
How the Lymphatic System Works?
How Digestive System Works
How to complete your capstone projects effectively?
How to write a research project
Healthcare technologies that help patients with better self-management
How to choose the topic of the senior capstone project
How to make your business survive at economic crisis
How can immigrants blend in the American society?
How does the economics of war affect society?
Hate speech on social media.
How to Build an Economic Model
How to start a healthcare startup?
How can financial illiteracy harm you?
How cancer is developed - Cancer biology
How to define the Enterprise Value
How to conduct economic research?
How women can manage sexual harassment
Introduction to Urban Studies
Importance of dance in education
InMoov: how to build an open source humanoid robot
Importance of KYC verification to making the Blockchain secure
Importance of Rhythm
Importance of dance student evaluation
I/O control methods -types and explanations
Identity theft: what to do?
Introduction to Utilitarianism
Importance of 3d Modelling in Architecture
Importance of online journalism
Image processing in medical diagnosis
Introduction to USA Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics
International Relations as a Major in Political Science
Importance of modern trade policy
Introduction to Journalism
Introduction to Writing a TV Script
Introduction of Microfabrication techniques
Introduction to Microeconomics
Interaction of Consumer and Firm Choices in Markets
Importance of corporate sustainability
Issues in International Monetary Macroeconomics
Introduction to Statistics and Data for Economics
Introduction to Data and Probability for Economics
Introduction to the Game Theory
Introduction to Econometrics
Introduction to Economic Information
Introduction to Market Equilibrium
Introduction to Economic Models and Application
Introduction to Empirical Research
Introduction to Econometric Data
Importance of Critical Thinking, Principles, and Goals
Introduction to Identification and Causal inferences
Introduction to Econometric Application
Intermediaries and Government in Financial Crisis
Importance and seven principles of quality management
Illiteracy in the USA
Introduction to Economics of Law
Introduction to Coase Theorem
Introduction to Social Choice and Incarceration
Intellectual Property and Product Liability
Investment in Human Capital
The Looming Energy Crisis in America
Top benefits of performance-based engineering
The More Languages You Know, The More Times You Are a Man
Things to consider while writing an Argumentative Essay
Top Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing Skills
Tips to Excel in Creative Writing
The origins of films in the early 19th century
Top career options in Architecture
The Elevator Pitch
Top finance trends 2020
The basic Structure and functionality of robots
The Way to Success
The election system of the President in the United States of America
Two-party System in United States of America
Top trends in urban design
The history and theory of African American filmmaking
Top benefits of creative writing
Tinnitus Guide: Common Symptoms and Treatment Options
The language of dance
The digital image processing management
Top famous politicians of the World
Top methods of political science!
The history of the feminist movement
The blood flow in cardiovascular system - Biofluid Mechanics
The best of Leonardo Da Vinci
The Structure and Function of Macromolecules
The structure of cell: a research on the bricks of the human body!
Tissue and organ construction: Adhesion and recognition between cells
The kinetics of the transformation processes
The Modeling of Biological Systems
Tips for writing a great thesis statement
The Defense mechanisms against infections
The impact of the technological innovations in medicine
Top journalism trends to know about
The relation between mass media & politics
Theranostics: Diagnosis and Care through Nanoparticles
The practical Applications of X-rays
The applications of Ultrasound in medicine
Transfer mechanisms of genetic information in Bacteria
The regulation of cellular metabolism in the diagnosis
The Principles of MRI Contrast agents
The technical basis of optical coherence imaging
The New Media: Emerging Trends
The Structure of Interest Rates and the Yield Curve
Technological perspectives and reflections of neural engineering
Types of bioreactors and their applications
The Role of Government Policy in Improving Economic Outcomes
Types of corporate responsibility
The Role of IMF in International Monetary Macroeconomics
Tools for investment decision making
The concept of Organizational Culture and its applications
The Conduct of Monetary and Fiscal Policy
The Basics of Financial Accelerator Models
Tips for labeling medical devices- Medical Entrepreneurship
The different medical imaging techniques
The Economics of Uncertainty – Introduction
Theories of Public Policy
The Game Theory in Social Media
The political theory of Thomas Hobbes
The Use of Law on Economics and Vice Versa
The Role of Internal Audit in Corporate Risk Management
What is a Definition Essay?
What are diagnostic essays?
What is the relation between art structural engineering?
What is a Narrative Essay
What are robotics and intelligence systems?
What are the benefits of studying health sciences?
What is artificial intelligence and why it matters?
What is comparative Literature?
Why study neuroscience
What is Wi-Fi and how does it works
What is French history famous for?
What are Humanistic Studies?
What is covered in Biophysics?
What is modern journalism?
What is Virtualization? Benefits & Applications
What are modern public relations?
What is plasma physics?
What is teacher preparation?
What is rapid prototyping for 3D printing?
What is contemporary European Politics?
Why should you learn American Ballet?
What is engineering physics?
What is the purpose of African American Literature?
Ways to learn the Rhythm
What is digital art used for?
What are Enzymes and how do they work
Who is the father of political science?
Why Study Political Science - Job?
What is the Philosophy of Feminism?
What is a quantum computer?
Ways B2B Startups Streamline Their Conversion Strategies
Why do biomedical signals need processing?
What are the long term effects of climate change?
Why study labour relations
What is Holoprosencephaly?
What is antisocial disorder?
What are the important principles of evolution?
What is the cytoplasm and its function?
What is biopolymers?
What Makes a Good Leader
Women empowerment in modern generation
What is the history of political thought?
What is Gene recombination
What is synthetic biology
What is business cost analysis?
What is Inflation
What are the consequences of unemployment?
What is lithotripsy and its types?
What is transition elastography?
What is the purpose of deep brain stimulation?
What is a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)
What is neuroethics?
What is Market and Supply and Demand
What is optogenetics?
What are the techniques to record brain activity?
What happens if the interest rate increases?
What is immunotherapy?
What is the economic role of the financial market?
What are the factors behind illegal immigration?
What is the lymphocyte activation?
What is financial market and its types?
What is the structure of financial markets?
What are the methods of measuring business performance?
What is the Credit market?
What is business ethics and code of ethics
What are the Causes of financial instability?
What is MBA with Concentrations
What is regenerative medicine?
What is Population ecology?
What is Microfinance: evolution, and practices?
What is biotechnology and its applications?
What are Workplace diversity and its benefits?
What is the difference between a leader and a manager?
What Is Branding and best branding Business strategies?
Why are microelectronics important?
What are biologic drugs.
What is the Foreign Exchange market?
What is the role of scientific research in times of crisis?
What are the risks of international trade?
What is financial management?
What is gene therapy?
What is education economics?
What is regression analysis, and why should you use it?
What Is Technology Marketing And How Should It Work?
What is Management Accounting
What are the methods of valuation of companies?
What is Immune System and Immunotherapy?
What is big data analytics?