Login with Facebook

Schizoaffective disorder: how to live better with it

Dysthymic schizophrenia (sometimes called a schizoaffective disorder or acute schizoaffective psychosis) is a form of schizophrenia that particularly affects the emotions and cognitive powers. Seizures are usually accompanied by manias and/or depression with a tendency to suicide. The subject may be the victim of mania, delusions, and paranoia. These disorders resemble bipolar disorders but are distinguished by delusions or hallucinations for at least two weeks. Treatment is based on psychotherapy and taking neuroleptics (tranquilizers), sometimes combined with antidepressants. Let’s get into it!


This condition is remarkable from several points of view. If it is clearly schizophrenia, the fact of its periodicity in time, involving fluctuations in mood, also brings it closer to bipolar disorder. This disease is usually considered as the element of transition between these two groups of pathologies, allowing arguing the hypothesis of a morbid continuum between schizophrenia and bipolar disorders.

In a simplified way, the schizoaffective disorder can be defined by alternating "schizomaniac" periods and "schizodepressive" periods, but without free, the asymptomatic interval between these periods to the persistence of interictal schizophrenic symptoms.


It is an uncommon disorder with regard to the prevalence of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, around 1%, respectively, since the prevalence of the schizoaffective disorder is estimated at 0.30%. There is a female predominance mainly in the depressive subgroup, with an average age of onset slightly lower than schizophrenia, which is to say, in young adults around 25 years old. It is conventional to consider that schizoaffective disorder preferentially affects women of good socioeconomic level, generally better integrated socially than a schizophrenic patient of the same age.

A positive diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder

As often, the diagnosis is difficult during the first episode.

The symptomatology borrows both from the clinic of schizophrenia and that of bipolar disorders. According to the predominance of the positive (manic) or negative (depressive) polarity, two subtypes of schizoaffective disorder are described, knowing that all the intermediate states can be found. All the symptoms of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder can be associated, positive, negative, and disorganized intermixed with mood symptoms.

Beyond the photograph of a rich and polymorphic clinic at a given moment, the diachronic evolution of this disorder contributes to the diagnosis, since it is necessary to evaluate the periodicity of thymic attacks interspersed with the more or less obvious persistence of 'schizophrenic symptomatology. This lack of "cleansing" is an essential argument in distinguishing schizoaffective disorder from genuine bipolar disorder.


The differentiation between schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and schizoaffective disorder is prognostically important. Indeed, the prognosis of schizoaffective disorder is intermediate between a rather unfavorable prognosis of schizophrenia and that more favorable of bipolar disorders, essentially if we consider the frequency of hospitalizations and socio-professional integration.

Also, the evolutionary and prognostic modalities differ according to the "manic" or "depressive" subtype, with grossly a poor prognosis for manic forms, especially of late-onset.


Over time, there is a very strong diagnostic instability, the symptomatology not being generally fixed throughout the course of the disease in the same person over time. Thus, some patients will evolve more on a "schizophrenic" register, while conversely, others will look more like bipolar disorders, in particular, due to the treatments offered. Perhaps those presenting an inaugural depressive episode would progress in a more stable way towards a schizodepressive disorder.

But we must keep in mind the more pejorative character of this schizoaffective disorder, in particular in relation to a stronger intensity, a longer duration, and a clear resistance to depressive episodes during the schizoaffective disorder. It is responsible for 'an increase in treatments, including a greater frequency of hospitalizations, but unfortunately also a high risk of suicide.

Symptoms of schizoaffective disorder

As we said earlier in this article, the symptoms of this disorder are those of depression, mania, and schizophrenia:

Symptoms of depression

·  Weight loss or gain

·  Small appetite

·  Lack of energy

·  Loss of interest in enjoyable activities

·  Feeling of guilt

·  The tendency to sleep too little or too much

· Inability to think or concentrate

·  Dark thoughts

·  Symptoms of mania

·  Low need for sleep

·  Agitation

·  Affected self-esteem

·  Tend to be easily distracted

·  Increase in social, professional or sexual activity

·  Dangerous or self-destructive behaviors

·  Quick thoughts

·  The tendency to speak quickly

·  Symptoms of schizophrenia

·  Hallucinations

·  Delusions

·  Disorganized thinking

·  Strange or unusual behavior

·  Slow movements or immobility

·  Low motivation

·  Language problems


Not surprisingly, the more specific treatment for schizoaffective disorder combines treatments focused on psychotic symptoms associated with the establishment of a mood stabilizer. Obviously, the other classic measures proposed in the treatment of chronic psychoses are completely essential, in addition to drug treatment.

The treatment of the acute episode can be schematized as follows:

- In the case of schizogenic access, the association of a mood stabilizer with an atypical antipsychotic drug will be preferred. 

- In the case of a schizodepressive attack, an antidepressant will be combined with the atypical antipsychotic.

- The other therapeutic means will, of course, be adapted according to the evolution and, in particular, according to the degree of sensitivity or on the contrary of resistance to the initial treatments.

How does schizoaffective disorder manifest itself?

This disorder's signs and symptoms are all those of schizophrenia, manic episodes, and depressive disorders. Symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorder can present at the same time or in different phases. The evolution is variable: cycles can be established during which the person's condition improves and worsens in terms of the manifestation of his symptoms until giving rise to progressive deterioration. Many researchers and clinicians have speculated on the psychotic symptoms incongruent with mood. The psychotic content (hallucinations or delusions) does not match the subject's mood.

Usually, the presence of these types of symptoms in a mood disorder is probably an indicator of a poor prognosis. It is also possible that this association is true for schizoaffective disorders, although the information available to date is very limited.

How to live with the schizoaffective disorder?

To treat the schizoaffective disorder, doctors recommend multidisciplinary treatment with support from a psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, and nurse. The family often plays a preponderant role in this care. 

It's hard to imagine someone with this disorder leading a life like everyone else. The symptoms of the disease, whatever they may be (delirium, verbal hallucinations, weakening of the will, lack of energy, disorderly activity, personal language, offbeat behavior) are a real brake on a classic daily life. For example, finding accommodation is very difficult for the sick, and most of them return to their families after the first hospitalization. The burden that falls on relatives is very heavy, and this is why it can be very useful for them to turn to associations. "After treatment and depending on the disease's stage, it is possible for some patients to lead a normal life: to get married, have children, a job, a home, reassures Professor Nicolas Franck, psychiatrist, however. For others, acquiring a certain autonomy (taking your treatment, having a job, looking after yourself) is a reasonable goal. Finally, others will always need assistance. There are many things to consider, but management always helps patients in one way or another. "

Neuroleptics are at the heart of drug treatment for schizoaffective disorder

They act in particular on positive symptoms and, more particularly, on delirium, which they allow to control well. "They are less effective on verbal hallucinations, for example, notes Professor Franck. The principle is to restore a balance. Another aspect of the treatment, in addition to drugs and cognitive remediation, makes it possible to work on the disease's negative symptoms. It is a method of training certain cerebral processes: attention, memory, concentration, etc. Due to the treatment, patients can hope to return to work, to live independently. “The principle is to stabilize the disease and achieve remission because it is certain that it is not possible to cure the disease, in the literal sense of the word. We always manage to help them, and in the best cases, they even manage to become autonomous. “Patients also undergo psychotherapy which allows them to take stock of the evolution of symptoms, the effects of treatments, and the events that may have destabilized them. The goal of psychotherapy is to reduce positive, negative, cognitive, behavioral, and affective symptoms, taking into account the disease's phase and the particular needs of the patient. It is an essential approach in the treatment of the disease to evacuate the suffering due to the psychosis of the patient.

Schizoaffective disorder: are they dangerous?

Since people with schizoaffective disorder can be prone to verbal hallucinations, their behavior can certainly be confusing on the one hand, but above all, potentially dangerous, both for them and for those around them. As Dr. Franck confirms, "It is often very difficult for the family to cope with one of their own behavioral problems. Furthermore, schizoaffective disorder suffers from a bad image, and the patient's illness is, therefore, taboo. As a result, access to care for patients is very often late. This is also why cases of suicide are very frequent in people suffering from this disorder ".

When there is a passage to the act on another, which remains quite rare, the patient has a very precise motivation and most often does so by mistake. For example, it is possible for him to think that one of his relatives has been replaced by a double or that he has evil ideas about him. This is not a generality, these cases are quite rare, and there is no need to worry more than reason. "It is very important that relatives are not in denial and maintain a dialogue with the patient, leading him to consult. Even if it is difficult for them to admit that one of theirs has schizoaffective disorder.”

To improve the patient's life and help him overcome his troubles, it is necessary to consult as soon as possible. "As in many cases, the earlier the treatment you have, the more effective the treatment. In the case of imminent danger for him or a third party, it is absolutely necessary to call the emergency services (the fire brigade at 18). If there is an emergency, the law of June 27, 1990, allows, in case of danger, to hospitalize a patient without his consent at the request of a third party.

Doctor's advice

Discontinuation of antipsychotic medication is the main cause of relapse, even under supervision by a psychiatrist. Workaround stress and treatment adherence should be a priority for people with schizoaffective disorder.

How can you treat schizoaffective disorder?

You can treat this disorder with the help of medication, psychosocial interventions and even hospitalization. The basic principles underlying the pharmacological treatment of these disorders recommend the application of anti-depressive and anti-manic protocols. Anti-psychotics should be taken alone if short-term compensation is needed for the patient.

If treatments to improve mood are not effective in controlling symptoms, then antipsychotics, such as haloperidol or risperidone, would also be indicated.

Patients with schizoaffective bipolar disorder would be treated with lithium, carbamazepine, valproate, or a combination of all three. Patients with schizoaffective depressive-type disorder should be treated with anti-depressants' consumption and electro-convulsive therapy before determining their lack of response to anti-depressive therapy.

As we have seen, this disorder is complexSchizoaffective disorder, both in its definition and in its treatment. All you need to understand that this is a type of schizophrenia and it is all about depressive disorders and manic episodes that make it complex. 

Author: Vicki Lezama

Need a custom

We will write it for you.
Order now

Free Essay Examples

Free essays:

All you need to know about Neuroendocrinology
All you need to know about Big data management
All you need to know about digital special effects
All you need to know Technical Writing?
Basics the Game Theory in Cryptoeconomics
Business innovation ideas for making money
Biosensors for cancer diagnosis
Business Analysis: Pricing strategies and Demand Curve
Cognitive Computing- How does Cognitive Computing work?
Consciousness: characteristics and peculiarities
Conservation Economics
Cybersecurity in business: challenges, risks, and practices
Demographic trends and how they affect Economic Growth
Dance as an art form and entertainment
Discrimination Economics
Determinants of Wages
Everything you need to know about short-term memory
Economic and Policy Impacts of Demographics
Ethics: an essay on the understanding of evil
Emotions: what are they? Theories explained
Factors of Demographic Data Collection
Factors Affecting Purchasing Behavior
Financial Statement Analysis
Factors Influencing Interest and Exchange Rates
Government's Intervention in The Labor Market
Guide on the Pathways of the nervous system
Game theory in microeconomics
Globalization: definition, causes, social impact and risks
How Relativism Promotes Pluralism and Tolerance
How to use the audience’s feedback to write a news report
History of silent cinema
How news report can be strengthened through multimedia
Introduction to Population Problems
Imperfect Information and Asymmetric Information
Imperfect Information in Insurance
Introduction to Labor Markets
Journalism: What is News?
Journalism: Broadcast media and Television Presenters
Journalism: Sources of News
Journalism and Law
Key Determinants of National Income
Key Factors That Affect Pricing Decisions
Kinetic models in biology and Related fields
Know about the different forms of traditional African dances
Latest technology trends
Latest dance trends
Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
Microeconomic Analysis to the Demand for Labor
Neuromuscular disorders
National Economies, Fluctuation, and Responses to Fluctuations
Neurotransmitters: what they are and different types
Nanomedicines to target tumors
Objections to utilitarianism
Organizational motivation and its effects
Overcoming Hiring Challenges for Nonprofit Organization
Population Demographics
Recurrent neural networks (RNN) for speech detection
Russian School of Mathematics
Research and Development
Risk Sharing in Insurance and Asset Markets
Stochastic optimization methods in deep learning?
Structure of the nervous system
Structure of a Corporation
Schizoaffective disorder: how to live better with it
The climate change denial
The techniques of basic cinematography
The Endosymbiotic Theory
The Role of Internal Audit in Corporate Risk Management
Utilitarianism Vs. Kantianism
Understanding Auctions and Auction Theory: Part 2
Various theoretical perspectives of sociology
Virtual reality, what it is and how it works
What are the linear models in machine learning?
What is Convolutional Neural Network
4 Facts about Origin of Mathematics!
5 techniques to create an animation
10 emerging technologies according to World Economic Forum
10 strategies to maximize corporate profits
3d Model Of Building
6 Medical Technologies that revolutionized the healthcare in 2020
All you need to know about the ACA Code of ethics
Architecture and Democracy: An Introduction
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Values
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Procedures
All You Need to Know About a Synthesis Essay
An essential guide to understanding Film Theory
Application of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security
Applications of electrical engineering
Augmented reality: what it is, how it works, examples
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Social Networking
All you need to know about Cryptography
Applications of astrophysical science
All you need to know about architecture engineering
Applications of geological engineering
Artificial intelligence and medicine: an increasingly close relationship
An insight into Computational Biology
ACA code of conduct
A Rose for Emily
Applications of Mathematics in daily life
Architecture mistakes to avoid
All you need to know about Toxicology
All you need to know about Holistic Medicine
All you need to know about linguistics
An introduction to Linguistics and its subfields
All you need to know about Anxiety disorder
All you need to know about Drones
A Brief Insight into Political Science
Assumptions related to feminism
All you need to know about Byzantine emperors
All you need to know about labour economics
An insight into xenobots -the first-ever robots
An ultimate guide about Biomaterials
A Comprehensive Introduction to the Mona Lisa
Analysis methods of Transport through biological membranes
An ultimate guide about biochemical reactions
Analysis of brain signals
Artificial Gene Synthesis
Application to synthetic biology of CAD methods
All you need to know about metabolic pathways
Applications of BIOMEMS
All you need to know about the epidemiology
Asian vs. western leadership styles
All you need to know about Smart prosthesis
Analysis of Economy: Output of Goods and Services (GNP), and GDP on Economic success
A Guide to Pricing Strategies
An Overview Of Economic Studies
Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policies
Analysis of Business Cycles
Analysis of Consumption and Investment
A Look into Regression Analysis
Analysis of Household's Consumption and Savings Behavior
All you need to know about Capital Budgeting
All you need to know about risk management
Art looted in wartime.
Appropriate use of Data in Economics
All you need to know about reaction kinetics?
A historical overview of Financial Crises
All you need to know about management discipline?
An insight into the error-correction models
All you need to know about Data visualization
All you need to know about Work-family balance
All you need to know Technical Writing?
All you need to know about digital special effects
All you need to know about Big data management
All you need to know about Neuroendocrinology
How to Write a Personal Essay
Housing Needs in America
How to Write a Description Essay
How to Create an Excellent Scholarship Essay?
How to write a cause and effect essay
How to Hire the Best Essay Writing Service Provider?
How to Write a College Application Essay?
How to get the most out of your English lectures
How to write Expository Essay
How to succeed in your psychology class?
How to Write an Academic Essay in the Shortest Time?
History of Journalism
How Different Sectors are Using Artificial intelligence (AI)
How to write an informative essay
How to deliver persuasive essays?
How to Give a Convincing Presentation
How to write an essay on leadership?
Historical Art Still Around Today
Humanoid robot: what it is, how it works and price
History of Chemistry
Healthcare Advanced Computer Power: Robotics, Medical Imaging, and More
Healthcare AI: Game Changers for Medical Decision-Making and Remote Patient Monitoring
How to understand different types of English
How to Cope with Chronic Pain
How African American choreographers and dancers have influenced American dance
How mobile robot can do in logistics or in production
How To Become a Successful Entrepreneur
History of the Philosophy of Feminism
How is the climate changing?
How to Track Your Content Marketing ROI
How to Gun control In the USA?
Historical and contemporary role of labour in the modern world
How breast cancers are classified?
How the cells of our body communicate?
How the Lymphatic System Works?
How Digestive System Works
How to complete your capstone projects effectively?
How to write a research project
Healthcare technologies that help patients with better self-management
How to choose the topic of the senior capstone project
How to make your business survive at economic crisis
How can immigrants blend in the American society?
How does the economics of war affect society?
Hate speech on social media.
How to Build an Economic Model
How to start a healthcare startup?
How can financial illiteracy harm you?
How cancer is developed - Cancer biology
How to define the Enterprise Value
How to conduct economic research?
How women can manage sexual harassment
How to use quotes in your news reports?
How news report can be strengthened through multimedia
History of silent cinema
How to use the audience’s feedback to write a news report
How Relativism Promotes Pluralism and Tolerance
Introduction to Urban Studies
Importance of dance in education
InMoov: how to build an open source humanoid robot
Importance of KYC verification to making the Blockchain secure
Importance of Rhythm
Importance of dance student evaluation
I/O control methods -types and explanations
Identity theft: what to do?
Introduction to Utilitarianism
Importance of 3d Modelling in Architecture
Importance of online journalism
Image processing in medical diagnosis
Introduction to USA Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics
International Relations as a Major in Political Science
Importance of modern trade policy
Introduction to Journalism
Introduction to Writing a TV Script
Introduction of Microfabrication techniques
Introduction to Microeconomics
Interaction of Consumer and Firm Choices in Markets
Importance of corporate sustainability
Issues in International Monetary Macroeconomics
Introduction to Statistics and Data for Economics
Introduction to Data and Probability for Economics
Introduction to the Game Theory
Introduction to Econometrics
Introduction to Economic Information
Introduction to Market Equilibrium
Introduction to Economic Models and Application
Introduction to Empirical Research
Introduction to Econometric Data
Importance of Critical Thinking, Principles, and Goals
Introduction to Identification and Causal inferences
Introduction to Econometric Application
Intermediaries and Government in Financial Crisis
Importance and seven principles of quality management
Illiteracy in the USA
Introduction to Economics of Law
Introduction to Coase Theorem
Introduction to Social Choice and Incarceration
Intellectual Property and Product Liability
Investment in Human Capital
Introduction to Labor Markets
Imperfect Information in Insurance
Imperfect Information and Asymmetric Information
Introduction to Population Problems
The Looming Energy Crisis in America
Top benefits of performance-based engineering
The More Languages You Know, The More Times You Are a Man
Things to consider while writing an Argumentative Essay
Top Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing Skills
Tips to Excel in Creative Writing
The origins of films in the early 19th century
Top career options in Architecture
The Elevator Pitch
Top finance trends 2020
The basic Structure and functionality of robots
The Way to Success
The election system of the President in the United States of America
Two-party System in United States of America
Top trends in urban design
The history and theory of African American filmmaking
Top benefits of creative writing
Tinnitus Guide: Common Symptoms and Treatment Options
The language of dance
The digital image processing management
Top famous politicians of the World
Top methods of political science!
The history of the feminist movement
The blood flow in cardiovascular system - Biofluid Mechanics
The best of Leonardo Da Vinci
The Structure and Function of Macromolecules
The structure of cell: a research on the bricks of the human body!
Tissue and organ construction: Adhesion and recognition between cells
The kinetics of the transformation processes
The Modeling of Biological Systems
Tips for writing a great thesis statement
The Defense mechanisms against infections
The impact of the technological innovations in medicine
Top journalism trends to know about
The relation between mass media & politics
Theranostics: Diagnosis and Care through Nanoparticles
The practical Applications of X-rays
The applications of Ultrasound in medicine
Transfer mechanisms of genetic information in Bacteria
The regulation of cellular metabolism in the diagnosis
The Principles of MRI Contrast agents
The technical basis of optical coherence imaging
The New Media: Emerging Trends
The Structure of Interest Rates and the Yield Curve
Technological perspectives and reflections of neural engineering
Types of bioreactors and their applications
The Role of Government Policy in Improving Economic Outcomes
Types of corporate responsibility
The Role of IMF in International Monetary Macroeconomics
Tools for investment decision making
The concept of Organizational Culture and its applications
The Conduct of Monetary and Fiscal Policy
The Basics of Financial Accelerator Models
Tips for labeling medical devices- Medical Entrepreneurship
The different medical imaging techniques
The Economics of Uncertainty – Introduction
Theories of Public Policy
The Game Theory in Social Media
The political theory of Thomas Hobbes
The Use of Law on Economics and Vice Versa
The Role of Internal Audit in Corporate Risk Management
The Endosymbiotic Theory
The techniques of basic cinematography
The climate change denial
What is a Definition Essay?
What are diagnostic essays?
What is the relation between art structural engineering?
What is a Narrative Essay
What are robotics and intelligence systems?
What are the benefits of studying health sciences?
What is artificial intelligence and why it matters?
What is comparative Literature?
Why study neuroscience
What is Wi-Fi and how does it works
What is French history famous for?
What are Humanistic Studies?
What is covered in Biophysics?
What is modern journalism?
What is Virtualization? Benefits & Applications
What are modern public relations?
What is plasma physics?
What is teacher preparation?
What is rapid prototyping for 3D printing?
What is contemporary European Politics?
Why should you learn American Ballet?
What is engineering physics?
What is the purpose of African American Literature?
Ways to learn the Rhythm
What is digital art used for?
What are Enzymes and how do they work
Who is the father of political science?
Why Study Political Science - Job?
What is the Philosophy of Feminism?
What is a quantum computer?
Ways B2B Startups Streamline Their Conversion Strategies
Why do biomedical signals need processing?
What are the long term effects of climate change?
Why study labour relations
What is Holoprosencephaly?
What is antisocial disorder?
What are the important principles of evolution?
What is the cytoplasm and its function?
What is biopolymers?
What Makes a Good Leader
Women empowerment in modern generation
What is the history of political thought?
What is Gene recombination
What is synthetic biology
What is business cost analysis?
What is Inflation
What are the consequences of unemployment?
What is lithotripsy and its types?
What is transition elastography?
What is the purpose of deep brain stimulation?
What is a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)
What is neuroethics?
What is Market and Supply and Demand
What is optogenetics?
What are the techniques to record brain activity?
What happens if the interest rate increases?
What is immunotherapy?
What is the economic role of the financial market?
What are the factors behind illegal immigration?
What is the lymphocyte activation?
What is financial market and its types?
What is the structure of financial markets?
What are the methods of measuring business performance?
What is the Credit market?
What is business ethics and code of ethics
What are the Causes of financial instability?
What is MBA with Concentrations
What is regenerative medicine?
What is Population ecology?
What is Microfinance: evolution, and practices?
What is biotechnology and its applications?
What are Workplace diversity and its benefits?
What is the difference between a leader and a manager?
What Is Branding and best branding Business strategies?
Why are microelectronics important?
What are biologic drugs.
What is the Foreign Exchange market?
What is the role of scientific research in times of crisis?
What are the risks of international trade?
What is financial management?
What is gene therapy?
What is education economics?
What is regression analysis, and why should you use it?
What Is Technology Marketing And How Should It Work?
What is Management Accounting
What are the methods of valuation of companies?
What is Immune System and Immunotherapy?
What is big data analytics?
What is the 7 layers of OSI model?
What is Neuroplasticity?
What are Sculpture art and its types?
What are the different genres of films?
What is Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)?
What is TES-Transcranial electrical stimulation?
What is Relativism?
What is Vaccine skepticism, and what to do about it?
What happens in the brain when learning?
What is the deep neural network?
What is Convolutional Neural Network
What are the linear models in machine learning?