Login with Facebook

Postpartum depression: what is it?

The post-partum depression occurs in the weeks after childbirth and is characterized by depressed mood, worthlessness, and physiological alterations.

Postpartum depression

The period of pregnancy and postpartum is a moment of great vulnerability for the woman. Since conception, in fact, a series of changes have occurred, not only external but above all internal. For this reason, pregnancy is considered an experience of "crisis," in which the woman will acquire a new psychic body.

Pregnancy and childbirth

The nine months of gestation, on the one hand, allow the future mother to prepare her physical space for the newborn in the real world. On the other hand, it allows her to reorganize her interior spaces, to create in her mind a space suitable for containing the idea of a child and herself as a parent.

Some women find it difficult to accept the pregnancy, experiencing mixed feelings of happiness, fear, concern for what awaits them. These reactions are actually shared by many women but are not always expressed in fear of feeling "different" and judged as inadequate. You must know how to "read" one's internal states because sadness, discomfort, and anxiety can turn into real symptoms of depression.

When the baby is born, things can become even more complicated, as the two new parents often find themselves unprepared in carrying out their new role. Furthermore, we know that for women, the postpartum is characterized by a rapid hormonal change, which can favor the onset of mood alteration, in most cases, transient. Only 10-15% of the general population experience clinically significant symptoms of postpartum depression. These symptoms are not temporary and can persist for several years. The interest found in postpartum depression is linked to the strong impact it has not only on the woman but also on the father and the child. But what are the symptoms, and how can you recognize them?

Symptoms of postpartum depression

To diagnose postpartum depression, at least five of the following symptoms must be identified for at least two weeks:

- depressed mood

- anhedonia (loss of pleasure)

- change in weight and appetite

- sleep disturbance

- asthenia (loss of energy)

- isolation

- feelings of guilt and worthlessness low self-esteem, helplessness and disvalue

- anxiety and related somatic characteristics

- loss of libido

- decrease in concentration

- recurring thoughts of death and suicide plans

- Psychomotor agitation or slowdown.

Symptoms in the language of mothers can be translated as follows

- Depressed mood, emotional lability, sadness, and loss of pleasure:

"Everything has lost its color."

"I would always cry."

"I don't want to see anyone."

"For a moment I feel great, and a moment later I'm back on the ground."

- Lack of energy, mental confusion, and difficulty concentrating:

"I'm so tired ..."

"All I do is a struggle."

"I can't make decisions."

"I'm confused, and I have a clouded manta."

- Sense of despair, inadequacy, and pessimistic thoughts, sometimes thoughts of death. Feeling worthless, guilty, and reproachful:

"I'm not able to do anything."

"Others are only interested in my baby, not how I feel."

"Why am I so bad now that I have this beautiful baby?"

"I just sat down, and the baby starts to cry again."

"Sometimes I think everyone would be much better if I weren't there anymore”

- Anxious symptoms, irritation:

"I feel alarmed."

"I feel I'm going to explode."

"I have palpitations, shortness of breath."

"I feel a lump in my throat."

- Neurovegetative function alteration (sleep, appetite, libido):

"I can't stand being touched."

"I wake up early."

"I have no appetite."

"I eat without a break."

Some women may have only a few of these symptoms without meeting the criteria for diagnosing postpartum depression. In fact, other disorders such as adaptation disorder with depressed mood can be treated.

 When the stress that the woman experiences in the period immediately after the birth of the baby is a quick reaction to the requests of the newborn or other family members, no diagnosis is made. In these cases, providing information, reassurance, and listening may suffice.

Other times, difficulties in concentrating, making decisions, and falling asleep can result from severe anxiety. Unless there is also a depressed mood, there is no mention of postpartum depression, but of an anxiety disorder that still needs specific treatment. It is good to remember, however, that the presence of a certain degree of anxiety in a depressive situation is a common feature of postpartum depression. 

When does postpartum depression occur?

The first symptoms can begin to manifest themselves already in the 3-4 week following the childbirth, manifesting clinically between the fourth and sixth month, with reports of cases even up to nine months. However, a mild transient emotional disorder that more than half of women suffer in the first days after giving birth and which resolves spontaneously within a week without particular consequences on the mother and the newborn.

When the mother or the people around her recognize the symptoms of postpartum depression or notice that the malaise persists for more than two weeks. It is good to contact a psychologist, who through an interview, specific tests, and clinical observation, can advises the best treatment path. One of the most effective treatments for postpartum depression is cognitive-behavioral (CBT). The sooner you intervene, the better the prognosis.

Treatment for postpartum depression

In addition to the attitude of warmth, support and welcome, it is important to contact a specialist who will take care of the mother through support or therapy appropriate to the specific case. For instance, cognitive-behavioral therapy provides for individual or group interventions to teach an alternative way of thinking and act.

The aim is to identify dysfunctional thoughts and the emotions consequent to them to introduce alternative thoughts that modify the patient's emotional state and behaviors.

The characteristics of this orientation are:

- practice and concreteness

- focus on solving concrete psychological problems centered on the "here and now"

- short term

- purpose orientation

- Active role: both the patient and the therapist play an active role, the therapist tries to teach the patient what is known about his problems and possible solutions to them.

The patient also works outside the therapeutic session to put into practice the strategies learned in therapy by carrying out the tasks that are assigned to him from time to time. Associated with cognitive-behavioral treatmentPostpartum depression, relaxation techniques such as progressive muscle relaxation by Jacobson are also very useful in the case of postpartum depression.



Comments




Send Comment

Need a custom
essay?

We will write it for you.
Order now

Free Essay Examples

Free essays:

An ultimate guide about biochemical reactions
Analysis methods of Transport through biological membranes
A Comprehensive Introduction to the Mona Lisa
An ultimate guide about Biomaterials
Big data analysis in evolutionary biology
Brain-Computer Interface systems with EEG signals
Biochemistry of neurotransmitter
Bipolar disorder: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment
Cellular excitability
Characterization of biological tissues, biomaterials
Characteristics of the byzantine architecture
Commonly Confused Words: Part 2
Dynamic Systems Modeling with Machine Learning
Digital Imaging: What Is It?
Different forms of dance you should know about
Data Science: Fundamental tools for data analysis
Everything you need to know about enzymatic kinetics
Electromagnetic exposure effects on human organs
Effects of Different Environmental Factors on Artworks
Entrepreneur trends to know about
Famous Ballet Forms
Four postulates of natural selection
Famous African American literature authors
Film styles and the types of styles for shooting a film
Importance of online journalism
Importance of 3d Modelling in Architecture
Introduction to Utilitarianism
Identity theft: what to do?
Kinetic models in biology and Related fields
Know about the different forms of traditional African dances
Know about the history of science
Latest technology trends
Mass transport in a biological system
Major themes in ancient Egyptian art
Major healthcare trends
Misconceptions About the Word “Introvert”
Nonlinear Dynamics in Biology & Biomedicine
NLS (Nonlinear System) - Revolutionary system in diagnostic medicine and therapy
Neural networks: what they are and what they are for
Nuclear fusion: What it is and how it works?
Role of Homeostasis in Human Physiology
Role of a digital artist
Role of gender studies
Risk management, meaning, and importance for companies
Systems biology - An understanding the functioning of biological systems
Self-assembly for biological systems
School of American Ballet
Schizophrenia - a rare psychiatric illness | Essay
The impact of the technological innovations in medicine
The Defense mechanisms against infections
Tips for writing a great thesis statement
The Modeling of Biological Systems
Understand the importance of investigative journalism
Urban planning in the US
Understanding the sociology of Race & Ethnicity
Various theoretical perspectives of sociology
Women empowerment in modern generation
What Makes a Good Leader
What is biopolymers?
What is the cytoplasm and its function?
4 Facts about Origin of Mathematics!
5 techniques to create an animation
13 Best colleges for political science in the world
3d Model Of Building
All you need to know about the ACA Code of ethics
Architecture and Democracy: An Introduction
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Values
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Procedures
All You Need to Know About a Synthesis Essay
An essential guide to understanding Film Theory
Application of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security
Applications of electrical engineering
Augmented reality: what it is, how it works, examples
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Social Networking
All you need to know about Cryptography
Applications of astrophysical science
All you need to know about architecture engineering
Applications of geological engineering
Artificial intelligence and medicine: an increasingly close relationship
An insight into Computational Biology
ACA code of conduct
A Rose for Emily
Applications of Mathematics in daily life
Architecture mistakes to avoid
All you need to know about Toxicology
All you need to know about Holistic Medicine
All you need to know about linguistics
An introduction to Linguistics and its subfields
All you need to know about Anxiety disorder
All you need to know about Drones
A Brief Insight into Political Science
Assumptions related to feminism
All you need to know about Byzantine emperors
All you need to know about labour economics
An insight into xenobots -the first-ever robots
An ultimate guide about Biomaterials
A Comprehensive Introduction to the Mona Lisa
Analysis methods of Transport through biological membranes
An ultimate guide about biochemical reactions
How to Write a Personal Essay
Housing Needs in America
How to Write a Description Essay
How to Create an Excellent Scholarship Essay?
How to write a cause and effect essay
How to Hire the Best Essay Writing Service Provider?
How to Write a College Application Essay?
How to get the most out of your English lectures
How to write Expository Essay
How to succeed in your psychology class?
How to Write an Academic Essay in the Shortest Time?
History of Journalism
How Different Sectors are Using Artificial intelligence (AI)
How to write an informative essay
How to deliver persuasive essays?
How to Give a Convincing Presentation
How to write an essay on leadership?
Historical Art Still Around Today
Humanoid robot: what it is, how it works and price
History of Chemistry
Healthcare Advanced Computer Power: Robotics, Medical Imaging, and More
Healthcare AI: Game Changers for Medical Decision-Making and Remote Patient Monitoring
How to understand different types of English
How to Cope with Chronic Pain
How African American choreographers and dancers have influenced American dance
How mobile robot can do in logistics or in production
How To Become a Successful Entrepreneur
History of the Philosophy of Feminism
How is the climate changing?
How to Track Your Content Marketing ROI
How to Gun control In the USA?
Historical and contemporary role of labour in the modern world
How breast cancers are classified?
How the cells of our body communicate?
How the Lymphatic System Works?
How Digestive System Works
How to complete your capstone projects effectively?
How to write a research project
Healthcare technologies that help patients with better self-management
How to choose the topic of the senior capstone project