Login with Facebook

Introduction to Population Problems

Population has become one of the main subjects for economic studies today. It is main parameters that determine economic growth. The world's population has been on a steady increase over the past few years. Before the technological advancement being witnessed in the medical field, the mortality rate was very high, which affected the world's general growth. People did not live for a very long time as they do now. Life expectancy is 70 years for the modern generation, which is 30 years more than a few decades ago. With such advancement, one would expect that the world population would increase even further, which is not the real case. Consider the USA's birth rate; for instance, it is set at 1.88 per woman, which is less than what the United Nations recommends for a good balance.

However, this does not mean that the world is not facing a problem of overpopulation. As we shall see in our next topics on demographics, the world has been facing the population's problem for a long time. And it is important to understand this for a better understanding of the economy and policy. We live in a world where scarcity continues to influence decision-making processes. Human needs are unlimited, and yet they are expected to be fulfilled by a limited amount of resources available. Many economic theories are based on the fact that people are faced with different decision-making situations every day, which they must make to live a good life. Deontology and Kantianism, for instance, suggest that the main goal of humanity leads a happy life. And therefore, they will make decisions based on what makes them happier and avoid what makes them less happy. With scarcity, it becomes hard to make the right decision for what we want. If there were enough resources, people would not be struggling to get what they want. For one to live happily, they will need a lot of resources, which means they have to work hard to get enough money. They are also faced with the issue of unemployment, which comes from a lack of demand in the labor market.

The labor market

All these issues come up because of overpopulation. As more people migrate from rural to urban centers has made the competition even thorough. Conflicts over water, food, energy, open spaces, wilderness, transportation infrastructure, and many other resources are rising by the day. There are both negative and positive sides to the population increase today. It is the effects mentioned above that we should focus on and what population increase means to the general economy. For instance, the labor market grows bigger with the population. This is the only market where households are suppliers, whereas firms and industries provide the demand.

Two issues in the labor market emerge from the population problem. On one side, the three are more people in households to deliver enough labor for companies' growth. However, we have mention mortality and birth rates above. Since people are living longer, they can hold onto jobs for longer. The younger generation may, therefore, not find the employment they need to live a happy life. This conflict is also seen among employers when deciding whom they should employ – the young and energetic or the old and experienced. Technological advancement has made things even worse for the labor market, with machines taking up more of the work these people should have been doing. These conflicts will continue to be witnessed as long as there is a population increase.

The biggest threat the world is facing due to overpopulation is its effects on the environment. As stated earlier, economics touches a lot on the relationship between human activities and the environment. Sustainable development, which is one of the major global development goals today, is achieved through proper care for the environment. But then, increased human activities from overpopulation makes things even harder. Governments have come up with different measures as they try to put control of negative impacts and negative activities, but it all comes down to individuals taking responsibility for what they do.

Developed economies face the biggest threat of overpopulation. It may not come from the births in these countries, but from migrations. In the USA, for instance, there has been a steady increase in people coming from different countries. Large family size is a major course of poverty in these economies. The cost of raising and educating children is so high that it leaves many people without much to save. This is why China, for instance, came up with the one-child policy—in this case, having one child is seen as more affordable, especially with the rising costs of living. Parents are now able to give their children a better standard of living as they enjoy the same. In less developed countries, like in Africa, a large family remains a good thing. These countries are still in the initial stages of the demographic revolution. And even though more women have joined the labor market, it is still not enough to change society's view on certain things like birth control. Nevertheless, no country has yet graduated from the status of 'developing.' It is only that others are a few steps ahead.  

If any country wishes to get the 'developed' status, they will have first to reduce their population growth. And this is what many economies have been doing over the last 60 years. Yet, reports show that the funding for family planning has reduced globally over the past 15 years, as the population is expected to grow steadily through 2050. Many governments are no longer emphasizing the need for birth control, perhaps because of the current generations that are aging out. Even as the world continues to grow along the civilization line, overpopulation continues to threaten many countries.

It remains and important step to check on how the population affects economic growth. Therefore, an important part of this article is to consider the impacts of population increase on the environment.

Is the population problem serious?

One of the main threats the population poses to the world deforestation and the loss of biodiversity. In order to enjoy positive growth in the economy without affecting the planet, it's vital to put these factors into consideration. It is not clear yet how much these effects will continue. Many species continue sinking into extinction. Ecologists and other scientists are majorly concerned with what has been happening over the years. The growing toxification of the environment makes things even worse. Today, we are fighting global warming, which is a result of bad decisions that many people have constantly been making. Thousands of chemicals have been released into the soil, the oceans, and the sky, which toxify everything. It is good that many companies create more jobs for the growing labor market, but this should not be at the environment's expense. It is good that many governments have come up with policies that put a brake on how natural resources are utilized.

The loss of forests is the biggest contributor to the changing climate. Forests are known for holding various amounts of carbon than goes back into the atmosphere when these trees are destroyed. And that is not all, trees are known for bringing rain too. And cutting down trees leads to a major loophole in the environment. Even the lowest rates of greenhouse gas emissions on the average developing economy can be lethal. And the high rate at which these emissions have been happening is a huge concern for everybody. It is projected that there will be 2.7 billion more people in the world by 2050, which means more threats to the environment. Climatic changes have been adding to global issues caused by overpopulation.

Cause of Population

Before the 20th century, not many people would be talking about population increase as the world was not as developed as it is today. And then came the success story of vaccination programs and other health care measures implemented after World War II. They have greatly contributed to the falling death rates, more so, infants and children. It has taken a very long time for an increase in births rates to follow. Stabilization of the number globally has been majorly fueled by a lack of priority in governments t put more focus on women's rights. Since the emergence of better technologies in the fields of medicine and public health, people are not expected to live longer. Contrary to this, the birth rate has significantly reduced over the past few years, even with all these developments, and yet this has not stopped population growth.  

In the US, the biggest contributor to the population problem is immigration. Many people come to this country to escape violence and find sanctuary. There are also many who come here because they have seen better opportunities. Business interests and other factors that fuel better living standards have also been a major cause of population increase. This is happening, amidst many Americans not willing to have more children. You will find different publications almost every week, asking Americans to give birth as a way of encouraging population growth. A recent special edition on the Forbes Magazine titled 'Let Them In,' is a good example of these measures.

In contrast, a majority of the public wanted this growth to stop since the 1940s. There are even two Presidential Commissions that have called for the stopping of population increase. Even though these views have been ignored, there have taught us that conflict has been going on with the world's population. When there are many people in a society, its economy is most likely to grow faster as they provide labor force for the markets. Scarce populations often have to seek labor from other markets. But when the population exceeds the capacity of the ecosystem, it becomes another problem altogether. If we focus on the long-term, it's hard to understand where the population will be in the next 100 years. The fluctuations we see are common with economies. It is also crucial to look at what is happening to the environment due to overpopulation and come up with proper policies to guide sustainable growth.

Some of the main effects of overpopulation include the following:

- Loss of water. The UN-Water organization reports that 75% of the planet earth is water, which is 97.5% ocean and 2.5% freshwater. Today, most freshwater sources are either unchangeable or polluted, leaving only about 1% of the water in rivers, lakes, ponds, and the ground. It is estimated that more than 50% of the world population will be facing water-based shortages by 2025, as per the report from the Global Outlook for Water Resources to the Year 2025. This issue will bring in more problems even to the general economy.

- Species extinction. As people increase in number, they need enough land to build homes and cities. This leads to cutting down forests and killing some species of plants and animals. Such activities do not only threaten the environment but the economy as well.

- Depletion of natural resources. Again, the issue of scarcity comes up here, as the growing human population continues to exploit the finite natural resources. As a result, quality of life has been reduced.

- More restrictions. Laws that regulate human interaction will increase. And even though globalization has changed the world into a global village, overpopulation can lead to more restrictions.

- Climate changes. Global warming is one of the major impacts of population increase. Human activities that harm the environment have immensely increased, leading to more serious issues.

- High crime rates. If the population is high and there are not enough resources, they resort to criminal activities to earn a living. A high rate of unemployment comes from overpopulation.

Conclusion

Population trends differ widely among economies. Studying population problems is a part of understanding these economies. Under this topic is demographics, which is a subject that deals with population data using specific parameters like age, sex, employment, and location, among many others. The subject of population problems extends into migration, mortality, fertility, and prediction problems, among othersPopulation Problems, which will be covered as well.

Author: James Hamilton


Comments

Need a custom
essay?

We will write it for you.
Order now

Free Essay Examples

Free essays:

All you need to know about Neuroendocrinology
All you need to know about Big data management
All you need to know about digital special effects
All you need to know Technical Writing?
Basics the Game Theory in Cryptoeconomics
Business innovation ideas for making money
Biosensors for cancer diagnosis
Business Analysis: Pricing strategies and Demand Curve
Cognitive Computing- How does Cognitive Computing work?
Consciousness: characteristics and peculiarities
Conservation Economics
Cybersecurity in business: challenges, risks, and practices
Demographic trends and how they affect Economic Growth
Dance as an art form and entertainment
Discrimination Economics
Determinants of Wages
Everything you need to know about short-term memory
Economic and Policy Impacts of Demographics
Ethics: an essay on the understanding of evil
Emotions: what are they? Theories explained
Factors of Demographic Data Collection
Factors Affecting Purchasing Behavior
Financial Statement Analysis
Factors Influencing Interest and Exchange Rates
Government's Intervention in The Labor Market
Guide on the Pathways of the nervous system
Game theory in microeconomics
Globalization: definition, causes, social impact and risks
How Relativism Promotes Pluralism and Tolerance
How to use the audience’s feedback to write a news report
History of silent cinema
How news report can be strengthened through multimedia
Introduction to Population Problems
Imperfect Information and Asymmetric Information
Imperfect Information in Insurance
Introduction to Labor Markets
Journalism: What is News?
Journalism: Broadcast media and Television Presenters
Journalism: Sources of News
Journalism and Law
Key Determinants of National Income
Key Factors That Affect Pricing Decisions
Kinetic models in biology and Related fields
Know about the different forms of traditional African dances
Latest technology trends
Latest dance trends
Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
Microeconomic Analysis to the Demand for Labor
Neuromuscular disorders
National Economies, Fluctuation, and Responses to Fluctuations
Neurotransmitters: what they are and different types
Nanomedicines to target tumors
Objections to utilitarianism
Organizational motivation and its effects
Overcoming Hiring Challenges for Nonprofit Organization
Population Demographics
Russian School of Mathematics
Research and Development
Risk Sharing in Insurance and Asset Markets
Risk and the value of information
Structure of the nervous system
Structure of a Corporation
Schizoaffective disorder: how to live better with it
Segregation in the US.
The climate change denial
The techniques of basic cinematography
The Endosymbiotic Theory
The Role of Internal Audit in Corporate Risk Management
Unions
Unemployment
Utilitarianism Vs. Kantianism
Understanding Auctions and Auction Theory: Part 2
Various theoretical perspectives of sociology
Virtual reality, what it is and how it works
What is the deep neural network?
What happens in the brain when learning?
4 Facts about Origin of Mathematics!
5 techniques to create an animation
10 emerging technologies according to World Economic Forum
10 strategies to maximize corporate profits
3d Model Of Building
6 Medical Technologies that revolutionized the healthcare in 2020
All you need to know about the ACA Code of ethics
Architecture and Democracy: An Introduction
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Values
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Procedures
All You Need to Know About a Synthesis Essay
An essential guide to understanding Film Theory
Application of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security
Applications of electrical engineering
Augmented reality: what it is, how it works, examples
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Social Networking
All you need to know about Cryptography
Applications of astrophysical science
All you need to know about architecture engineering
Applications of geological engineering
Artificial intelligence and medicine: an increasingly close relationship
An insight into Computational Biology
ACA code of conduct
A Rose for Emily
Applications of Mathematics in daily life
Architecture mistakes to avoid
All you need to know about Toxicology
All you need to know about Holistic Medicine
All you need to know about linguistics
An introduction to Linguistics and its subfields
All you need to know about Anxiety disorder
All you need to know about Drones
A Brief Insight into Political Science
Assumptions related to feminism
All you need to know about Byzantine emperors
All you need to know about labour economics
An insight into xenobots -the first-ever robots
An ultimate guide about Biomaterials
A Comprehensive Introduction to the Mona Lisa
Analysis methods of Transport through biological membranes
An ultimate guide about biochemical reactions
Analysis of brain signals
Artificial Gene Synthesis
Application to synthetic biology of CAD methods
All you need to know about metabolic pathways
Applications of BIOMEMS
All you need to know about the epidemiology
Asian vs. western leadership styles
All you need to know about Smart prosthesis
Analysis of Economy: Output of Goods and Services (GNP), and GDP on Economic success
A Guide to Pricing Strategies
An Overview Of Economic Studies
Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policies
Analysis of Business Cycles
Analysis of Consumption and Investment
A Look into Regression Analysis
Analysis of Household's Consumption and Savings Behavior
All you need to know about Capital Budgeting
All you need to know about risk management
Art looted in wartime.
Appropriate use of Data in Economics
All you need to know about reaction kinetics?
A historical overview of Financial Crises
All you need to know about management discipline?
An insight into the error-correction models
All you need to know about Data visualization
All you need to know about Work-family balance
All you need to know Technical Writing?
All you need to know about digital special effects
All you need to know about Big data management
All you need to know about Neuroendocrinology
How to Write a Personal Essay
Housing Needs in America
How to Write a Description Essay
How to Create an Excellent Scholarship Essay?
How to write a cause and effect essay
How to Hire the Best Essay Writing Service Provider?
How to Write a College Application Essay?
How to get the most out of your English lectures
How to write Expository Essay
How to succeed in your psychology class?
How to Write an Academic Essay in the Shortest Time?
History of Journalism
How Different Sectors are Using Artificial intelligence (AI)
How to write an informative essay
How to deliver persuasive essays?
How to Give a Convincing Presentation
How to write an essay on leadership?
Historical Art Still Around Today
Humanoid robot: what it is, how it works and price
History of Chemistry
Healthcare Advanced Computer Power: Robotics, Medical Imaging, and More
Healthcare AI: Game Changers for Medical Decision-Making and Remote Patient Monitoring
How to understand different types of English
How to Cope with Chronic Pain
How African American choreographers and dancers have influenced American dance
How mobile robot can do in logistics or in production
How To Become a Successful Entrepreneur
History of the Philosophy of Feminism
How is the climate changing?
How to Track Your Content Marketing ROI
How to Gun control In the USA?
Historical and contemporary role of labour in the modern world
How breast cancers are classified?
How the cells of our body communicate?
How the Lymphatic System Works?
How Digestive System Works
How to complete your capstone projects effectively?
How to write a research project
Healthcare technologies that help patients with better self-management
How to choose the topic of the senior capstone project
How to make your business survive at economic crisis
How can immigrants blend in the American society?
How does the economics of war affect society?
Hate speech on social media.
How to Build an Economic Model
How to start a healthcare startup?
How can financial illiteracy harm you?
How cancer is developed - Cancer biology
How to define the Enterprise Value
How to conduct economic research?
How women can manage sexual harassment
How to use quotes in your news reports?
How news report can be strengthened through multimedia
History of silent cinema
How to use the audience’s feedback to write a news report
How Relativism Promotes Pluralism and Tolerance
Introduction to Urban Studies
Importance of dance in education
InMoov: how to build an open source humanoid robot
Importance of KYC verification to making the Blockchain secure
Importance of Rhythm
Importance of dance student evaluation
I/O control methods -types and explanations
Identity theft: what to do?
Introduction to Utilitarianism
Importance of 3d Modelling in Architecture
Importance of online journalism
Image processing in medical diagnosis
Introduction to USA Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics
International Relations as a Major in Political Science
Importance of modern trade policy
Introduction to Journalism
Introduction to Writing a TV Script
Introduction of Microfabrication techniques
Introduction to Microeconomics
Interaction of Consumer and Firm Choices in Markets
Importance of corporate sustainability
Issues in International Monetary Macroeconomics
Introduction to Statistics and Data for Economics
Introduction to Data and Probability for Economics
Introduction to the Game Theory
Introduction to Econometrics
Introduction to Economic Information
Introduction to Market Equilibrium
Introduction to Economic Models and Application
Introduction to Empirical Research
Introduction to Econometric Data
Importance of Critical Thinking, Principles, and Goals
Introduction to Identification and Causal inferences
Introduction to Econometric Application
Intermediaries and Government in Financial Crisis
Importance and seven principles of quality management
Illiteracy in the USA
Introduction to Economics of Law
Introduction to Coase Theorem
Introduction to Social Choice and Incarceration
Intellectual Property and Product Liability
Investment in Human Capital
Introduction to Labor Markets
Imperfect Information in Insurance
Imperfect Information and Asymmetric Information
Introduction to Population Problems
The Looming Energy Crisis in America
Top benefits of performance-based engineering
The More Languages You Know, The More Times You Are a Man
Things to consider while writing an Argumentative Essay
Top Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing Skills
Tips to Excel in Creative Writing
The origins of films in the early 19th century
Top career options in Architecture
The Elevator Pitch
Top finance trends 2020
The basic Structure and functionality of robots
The Way to Success
The election system of the President in the United States of America
Two-party System in United States of America
Top trends in urban design
The history and theory of African American filmmaking
Top benefits of creative writing
Tinnitus Guide: Common Symptoms and Treatment Options
The language of dance
The digital image processing management
Top famous politicians of the World
Top methods of political science!
The history of the feminist movement
The blood flow in cardiovascular system - Biofluid Mechanics
The best of Leonardo Da Vinci
The Structure and Function of Macromolecules
The structure of cell: a research on the bricks of the human body!
Tissue and organ construction: Adhesion and recognition between cells
The kinetics of the transformation processes
The Modeling of Biological Systems
Tips for writing a great thesis statement
The Defense mechanisms against infections
The impact of the technological innovations in medicine
Top journalism trends to know about
The relation between mass media & politics
Theranostics: Diagnosis and Care through Nanoparticles
The practical Applications of X-rays
The applications of Ultrasound in medicine
Transfer mechanisms of genetic information in Bacteria
The regulation of cellular metabolism in the diagnosis
The Principles of MRI Contrast agents
The technical basis of optical coherence imaging
The New Media: Emerging Trends
The Structure of Interest Rates and the Yield Curve
Technological perspectives and reflections of neural engineering
Types of bioreactors and their applications
The Role of Government Policy in Improving Economic Outcomes
Types of corporate responsibility
The Role of IMF in International Monetary Macroeconomics
Tools for investment decision making
The concept of Organizational Culture and its applications
The Conduct of Monetary and Fiscal Policy
The Basics of Financial Accelerator Models
Tips for labeling medical devices- Medical Entrepreneurship
The different medical imaging techniques
The Economics of Uncertainty – Introduction
Theories of Public Policy
The Game Theory in Social Media
The political theory of Thomas Hobbes
The Use of Law on Economics and Vice Versa
The Role of Internal Audit in Corporate Risk Management
The Endosymbiotic Theory
The techniques of basic cinematography
The climate change denial
What is a Definition Essay?
What are diagnostic essays?
What is the relation between art structural engineering?
What is a Narrative Essay
What are robotics and intelligence systems?
What are the benefits of studying health sciences?
What is artificial intelligence and why it matters?
What is comparative Literature?
Why study neuroscience
What is Wi-Fi and how does it works
What is French history famous for?
What are Humanistic Studies?
What is covered in Biophysics?
What is modern journalism?
What is Virtualization? Benefits & Applications
What are modern public relations?
What is plasma physics?
What is teacher preparation?
What is rapid prototyping for 3D printing?
What is contemporary European Politics?
Why should you learn American Ballet?
What is engineering physics?
What is the purpose of African American Literature?
Ways to learn the Rhythm
What is digital art used for?
What are Enzymes and how do they work
Who is the father of political science?
Why Study Political Science - Job?
What is the Philosophy of Feminism?
What is a quantum computer?
Ways B2B Startups Streamline Their Conversion Strategies
Why do biomedical signals need processing?
What are the long term effects of climate change?
Why study labour relations
What is Holoprosencephaly?
What is antisocial disorder?
What are the important principles of evolution?
What is the cytoplasm and its function?
What is biopolymers?
What Makes a Good Leader
Women empowerment in modern generation
What is the history of political thought?
What is Gene recombination
What is synthetic biology
What is business cost analysis?
What is Inflation
What are the consequences of unemployment?
What is lithotripsy and its types?
What is transition elastography?
What is the purpose of deep brain stimulation?
What is a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)
What is neuroethics?
What is Market and Supply and Demand
What is optogenetics?
What are the techniques to record brain activity?
What happens if the interest rate increases?
What is immunotherapy?
What is the economic role of the financial market?
What are the factors behind illegal immigration?
What is the lymphocyte activation?
What is financial market and its types?
What is the structure of financial markets?
What are the methods of measuring business performance?
What is the Credit market?
What is business ethics and code of ethics
What are the Causes of financial instability?
What is MBA with Concentrations
What is regenerative medicine?
What is Population ecology?
What is Microfinance: evolution, and practices?
What is biotechnology and its applications?
What are Workplace diversity and its benefits?
What is the difference between a leader and a manager?
What Is Branding and best branding Business strategies?
Why are microelectronics important?
What are biologic drugs.
What is the Foreign Exchange market?
What is the role of scientific research in times of crisis?
What are the risks of international trade?
What is financial management?
What is gene therapy?
What is education economics?
What is regression analysis, and why should you use it?
What Is Technology Marketing And How Should It Work?
What is Management Accounting
What are the methods of valuation of companies?
What is Immune System and Immunotherapy?
What is big data analytics?
What is the 7 layers of OSI model?
What is Neuroplasticity?
What are Sculpture art and its types?
What are the different genres of films?
What is Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)?
What is TES-Transcranial electrical stimulation?
What is Relativism?
What is Vaccine skepticism, and what to do about it?
What happens in the brain when learning?
What is the deep neural network?