Login with Facebook

Artificial intelligence and medicine: an increasingly close relationship

Artificial intelligence and medicine: applications can be varied, particularly in the field of diagnostics. A market destined to grow further over the next few years. Artificial intelligence and medicine are the two worlds that have decidedly distant origins but which have already started a close relationship of collaboration, with the fundamental objective of improving the health and life expectancy of the world population.


A relationship that is destined to be further strengthened over the next few decades, also because the challenges facing in medicine are incredibly demanding. The scientific evidence is available in an ever-increasing amount of scientific studies often difficult to interpret, find the limited application. And, last but not least, a growing expectation on the part of the sick and their loved ones, in the idea that diseases are unpleasant obstacles that stand between us and our right to health and the doctors are obliged to remove efficiently.

 

Artificial intelligence and medicine: what this binomial means

 

Artificial intelligence can play a fundamental role in responding to these challenges, thanks to the ever-increasing availability of data and information in the medical field. Just think of the wearable that can trace various parameters of our state of health (pressures, frequency cardiac, etc.). In general, the evolution of technology has now made it possible to store a series of data concerning the patient's medical history in digital format: X-rays, laboratory results, reports on patient pathologies, family history, and genome.


The point, as always happens, is to be able to transform these data into something useful, in this case from the health point of view and here - as well as in other sectors - AI applications - Artificial Intelligence comes into play. So much so that, according to a study, the market of artificial intelligence for health care should reach 6.6 billion dollars by 2021, with a growth rate of 40%.

 

Artificial intelligence in diagnostics

 

But what are the concrete applications of artificial intelligence in the world of medicine? In general, it can be said that the application of AI in the health field offers several advantages over traditional clinical analyzes and subsequent medical decisions.


AI learning algorithms, in an increasingly precise and refined way, can allow obtaining ultra-accurate information on diagnostics, treatment processes, treatment variability, and patient results. The Cognitive Computing systems typical of the AI, in particular, constitute a useful tool for the realization of the Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS, support systems for clinical decision) of new generation, which can play a fundamental role in the processes of prevention, diagnosis and treatment, as well as in the reduction of medical errors.


For example, artificial intelligence is already today able to identify diseases (such as tumors) in radiological images with great precision, due to the possibility of having instant access to a historical heritage of data that is not within reach of a single doctor. This, even for reasons linked to fatigue or non-total experience (especially in developing countries), can make mistakes in this delicate phase, with dramatic repercussions on patients' state of health.

 

An example of this type is Watson for Oncology, developed by IBM, a platform that has an advanced ability to analyze the context and meaning of unstructured and structured data contained within clinical notes and reports. Subsequently, due to the combination of the characteristics from the patient's file with the clinical expertise, but also with external research and other data, the program can identify the potential treatment plan.

 

Artificial intelligence in cardiology

 

Much discussed in recent weeks, was a study published in the journal Nature that involved Google and, in particular, its technicians of the Medical brain team. Using AI techniques, Google was able to predict the probability of a patient's death with 95 percent accuracy, due to the ability to automatically access PDFs from previous medical analyzes and the notes of doctors and nurses.


The applications of AI in cardiology are increasingly promising, research by the Medical Research Council in London published in the scientific journal Radiology. It highlighted how a latest-generation software equipped with AI, starting from the data provided by cardiac magnetic resonance, can predict which patients are at greater risk of experiencing a cardiac event, first of all, the heart attack.

 

Artificial intelligence and medicine: when the binomial means "patient health."


The ability to perform accurate and anticipated analyzes can allow AI to play an important role even in a particularly "hot" issue in the health world, such as the growing resistance to antibiotics in the populations. The machine learning and artificial intelligence can help identify patterns of infection and to identify patients at risk even before they start to show symptoms of the disease, thereby reducing the use of antibiotic therapy.


Ai can also be beneficial for improving patient care: a San Francisco startup, Sense.ly, has developed a virtual nurse. Basically, it is an avatar that uses machine learning to support chronic patients between visits to the doctor. AiCure developed a similar solution, an app supported by the National Institutes of Health, which uses the smartphone's webcam and AI to confirm that patients are following the doctor's instructions independently.


Returning instead to hospitals, the use of smart devices plays a crucial role in monitoring the condition of patients in intensive care. The integration of artificial intelligence in these devices can improve the ability to identify possible deteriorations or improvements, thus allowing health professionals to intervene more quickly and effectively.


The applications of artificial intelligence in medicine are many and destined to change in depth the world of medicine, perhaps even too much. The risk that may arise in the long term is that of excessively dependent medical workers who are attached to the recommendations of artificial intelligence systems.


 A new tool in the hands of doctors


This technology has been compared by many to a stethoscope. Just as this last tool, not everyone has immediately grasped its importance and usefulness. In the beginning, Artificial Intelligence in medicine was perceived as a threat. This negative attitude has now, fortunately, largely been overcome.


Precision and speed: the two characteristics of Artificial Intelligence

If one wanted to compare the AI ​​to a doctor, two are the main differences that emerge. Artificial Intelligence in the health sector guarantees greater precision in the development of a diagnosis and even more speed in identifying pathology.


At Oxford, for example, researchers developed an AI-based diagnostic system. Thanks to technology, it is possible to diagnose heart disease with greater accuracy in 80% of cases.


The computing power and the deep learning, moreover, are not absolutely comparable to the capacity of any human being. This feature determines the speed in developing a diagnosis that helps the doctors make the best decision. In the case of a patient with internal injuries, for example, the AI ​​allows the doctor to know immediately what the problem is. It is then up to his knowledge and skills to decide how to act to save a person's life.


Predictive algorithms and Big Data in medicine

The AI ​​can predict events even before they happen and even predict with what percentage in terms of probability. In the case of a pandemic, for exampleArtificial intelligence and medicine, he can understand the next development. All this is possible due to machine learning and the creation of predictive algorithms.


Final Thoughts:


Artificial Intelligence in the health sector is a real valuable ally for all those involved. The AI ​​stands as a solution and support in a world in which all health systems are in crisis both for lack of doctors and for a lengthening of life expectancy that is leading to the affirmation and spread of numerous chronic diseases due to the advancing years. The impact of Artificial Intelligence in the health sector is already visible to everyone. It is moving towards an increasingly personalized medicine in which the patient is at the center.


Comments




Send Comment

Need a custom
essay?

We will write it for you.
Order now

Free Essay Examples

Free essays:

Analysis of Business Cycles
Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policies
An Overview Of Economic Studies
A Guide to Pricing Strategies
Biosensors for cancer diagnosis
Business Analysis: Pricing strategies and Demand Curve
Broadcasting: How to Be Good In Front of the Camera
Bioconjugates for the Drugs Delivery
Cells of Immune system
Challenges that IT Managers are facing
Cochlear implant: what it is and how it works
Current challenges to the health of women
Doppler ultrasound or simply eco Doppler
DNA extraction
Dynamic Systems Modeling with Machine Learning
Digital Imaging: What Is It?
Economy analysis: Business Cycle and Economic Trends
Exchange rate and foreign currency risk
Economic Factors Affecting Decision Making In A Business
Economy Analysis: Inflation, Unemployment And Policies
Factors Influencing Interest and Exchange Rates
Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Response to 2008/2009
Fermentation: how it works and what it is used for
Financial Markets and Functions
Genetic regulation networks: modeling in biology
How can immigrants blend in the American society?
How to make your business survive at economic crisis
How to choose the topic of the senior capstone project
Importance of corporate sustainability
Interaction of Consumer and Firm Choices in Markets
Introduction to Microeconomics
Introduction of Microfabrication techniques
Journalism: What is News?
Journalism: Broadcast media and Television Presenters
Journalism: Sources of News
Journalism and Law
Key Determinants of National Income
Key Factors That Affect Pricing Decisions
Kinetic models in biology and Related fields
Know about the different forms of traditional African dances
Latest technology trends
Latest dance trends
Methods of labeling of nucleic acid that enable their detection
Macroeconomics: International Economic Issues
Neuromuscular disorders
National Economies, Fluctuation, and Responses to Fluctuations
Neurotransmitters: what they are and different types
Nanomedicines to target tumors
Overcoming Hiring Challenges for Nonprofit Organization
Principles of Microeconomics - Producer Theory
Principles of Microeconomics - Consumer Theory
Principles of Economics
Role of technology in the modern business environment
Role of Homeostasis in Human Physiology
Role of a digital artist
Role of gender studies
Skills in Journalism: Effective Interview
Systems biology - An understanding the functioning of biological systems
Self-assembly for biological systems
School of American Ballet
Types of corporate responsibility
The Role of Government Policy in Improving Economic Outcomes
Types of bioreactors and their applications
Technological perspectives and reflections of neural engineering
Understanding Perfect and Imperfect Competition
Ultrasound: physical principles and image formation
Understanding social entrepreneurship
Understand the importance of investigative journalism
Various theoretical perspectives of sociology
Virtual reality, what it is and how it works
What are the Causes of financial instability?
What is business ethics and code of ethics
4 Facts about Origin of Mathematics!
5 techniques to create an animation
10 strategies to maximize corporate profits
13 Best colleges for political science in the world
6 Medical Technologies that revolutionized the healthcare in 2020
All you need to know about the ACA Code of ethics
Architecture and Democracy: An Introduction
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Values
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Procedures
All You Need to Know About a Synthesis Essay
An essential guide to understanding Film Theory
Application of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security
Applications of electrical engineering
Augmented reality: what it is, how it works, examples
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Social Networking
All you need to know about Cryptography
Applications of astrophysical science
All you need to know about architecture engineering
Applications of geological engineering
Artificial intelligence and medicine: an increasingly close relationship
An insight into Computational Biology
ACA code of conduct
A Rose for Emily
Applications of Mathematics in daily life
Architecture mistakes to avoid
All you need to know about Toxicology
All you need to know about Holistic Medicine
All you need to know about linguistics
An introduction to Linguistics and its subfields
All you need to know about Anxiety disorder
All you need to know about Drones
A Brief Insight into Political Science
Assumptions related to feminism
All you need to know about Byzantine emperors
All you need to know about labour economics
An insight into xenobots -the first-ever robots
An ultimate guide about Biomaterials
A Comprehensive Introduction to the Mona Lisa
Analysis methods of Transport through biological membranes
An ultimate guide about biochemical reactions
Analysis of brain signals
Artificial Gene Synthesis
Application to synthetic biology of CAD methods
All you need to know about metabolic pathways
Applications of BIOMEMS
All you need to know about the epidemiology
Asian vs. western leadership styles
All you need to know about Smart prosthesis
Analysis of Economy: Output of Goods and Services (GNP), and GDP on Economic success
A Guide to Pricing Strategies
An Overview Of Economic Studies
Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policies
Analysis of Business Cycles
How to Write a Personal Essay
Housing Needs in America
How to Write a Description Essay
How to Create an Excellent Scholarship Essay?
How to write a cause and effect essay
How to Hire the Best Essay Writing Service Provider?
How to Write a College Application Essay?
How to get the most out of your English lectures
How to write Expository Essay
How to succeed in your psychology class?
How to Write an Academic Essay in the Shortest Time?
History of Journalism
How Different Sectors are Using Artificial intelligence (AI)
How to write an informative essay
How to deliver persuasive essays?
How to Give a Convincing Presentation
How to write an essay on leadership?
Historical Art Still Around Today
Humanoid robot: what it is, how it works and price
History of Chemistry
Healthcare Advanced Computer Power: Robotics, Medical Imaging, and More
Healthcare AI: Game Changers for Medical Decision-Making and Remote Patient Monitoring
How to understand different types of English
How to Cope with Chronic Pain
How African American choreographers and dancers have influenced American dance
How mobile robot can do in logistics or in production
How To Become a Successful Entrepreneur
History of the Philosophy of Feminism
How is the climate changing?
How to Track Your Content Marketing ROI
How to Gun control In the USA?
Historical and contemporary role of labour in the modern world
How breast cancers are classified?
How the cells of our body communicate?
How the Lymphatic System Works?
How Digestive System Works
How to complete your capstone projects effectively?
How to write a research project
Healthcare technologies that help patients with better self-management
How to choose the topic of the senior capstone project
How to make your business survive at economic crisis
How can immigrants blend in the American society?
The Looming Energy Crisis in America
Top benefits of performance-based engineering
The More Languages You Know, The More Times You Are a Man
Things to consider while writing an Argumentative Essay
Top Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing Skills
Tips to Excel in Creative Writing
The origins of films in the early 19th century
Top career options in Architecture
The Elevator Pitch
Top finance trends 2020
The basic Structure and functionality of robots
The Way to Success
The election system of the President in the United States of America
Two-party System in United States of America
Top trends in urban design
The history and theory of African American filmmaking
Top benefits of creative writing
Tinnitus Guide: Common Symptoms and Treatment Options
The language of dance
The digital image processing management
Top famous politicians of the World
Top methods of political science!
The history of the feminist movement
The blood flow in cardiovascular system - Biofluid Mechanics
The best of Leonardo Da Vinci
The Structure and Function of Macromolecules
The structure of cell: a research on the bricks of the human body!
Tissue and organ construction: Adhesion and recognition between cells
The kinetics of the transformation processes
The Modeling of Biological Systems
Tips for writing a great thesis statement
The Defense mechanisms against infections
The impact of the technological innovations in medicine
Top journalism trends to know about
The relation between mass media & politics
Theranostics: Diagnosis and Care through Nanoparticles
The practical Applications of X-rays
The applications of Ultrasound in medicine
Transfer mechanisms of genetic information in Bacteria
The regulation of cellular metabolism in the diagnosis
The Principles of MRI Contrast agents
The technical basis of optical coherence imaging
The New Media: Emerging Trends
The Structure of Interest Rates and the Yield Curve
Technological perspectives and reflections of neural engineering
Types of bioreactors and their applications
The Role of Government Policy in Improving Economic Outcomes
Types of corporate responsibility
What is a Definition Essay?
What are diagnostic essays?
What is the relation between art structural engineering?
What is a Narrative Essay
What are robotics and intelligence systems?
What are the benefits of studying health sciences?
What is artificial intelligence and why it matters?
What is comparative Literature?
Why study neuroscience
What is Wi-Fi and how does it works
What is French history famous for?
What are Humanistic Studies?
What is covered in Biophysics?
What is modern journalism?
What is Virtualization? Benefits & Applications
What are modern public relations?
What is plasma physics?
What is teacher preparation?
What is rapid prototyping for 3D printing?
What is contemporary European Politics?
Why should you learn American Ballet?
What is engineering physics?
What is the purpose of African American Literature?
Ways to learn the Rhythm
What is digital art used for?
What are Enzymes and how do they work
Who is the father of political science?
Why Study Political Science - Job?
What is the Philosophy of Feminism?
What is a quantum computer?
Ways B2B Startups Streamline Their Conversion Strategies
Why do biomedical signals need processing?
What are the long term effects of climate change?
Why study labour relations
What is Holoprosencephaly?
What is antisocial disorder?
What are the important principles of evolution?
What is the cytoplasm and its function?
What is biopolymers?
What Makes a Good Leader
Women empowerment in modern generation
What is the history of political thought?
What is Gene recombination
What is synthetic biology
What is business cost analysis?
What is Inflation
What are the consequences of unemployment?
What is lithotripsy and its types?
What is transition elastography?
What is the purpose of deep brain stimulation?
What is a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)
What is neuroethics?
What is Market and Supply and Demand
What is optogenetics?
What are the techniques to record brain activity?
What happens if the interest rate increases?
What is immunotherapy?
What is the economic role of the financial market?
What are the factors behind illegal immigration?
What is the lymphocyte activation?
What is financial market and its types?
What is the structure of financial markets?
What are the methods of measuring business performance?
What is the Credit market?
What is business ethics and code of ethics
What are the Causes of financial instability?