Login with Facebook

Application of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security

In this article, we take a look at the growing use of artificial intelligence in cyber security as security professionals try to stay a step ahead of the constant barrage of threats and cyber-attacks.

Background – Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security:

Evolving technologies and the growing numbers of “always on”, “always connected” devices, tools and commodities are giving the instigators of cyber-threats increased opportunities for access and interference.

With statistics suggesting that assaults on individuals, corporations, and government bodies account for almost $400 billion in lost revenue annually, and some 90% of companies admitting to having been victim to some kind of attack – figures that translate to 18 individuals per second being affected by cyber-crime – countering these threats is a real and ongoing concern, for enterprises.

Security personnel are finding themselves overwhelmed by the multiplicity of attack vectors and tools available to the cyber-criminals, and are increasingly looking to a new ally, in the quest for cyber security: AI.


What is Artificial Intelligence?

AI is a sub-division of computer science dealing with the development of systems and software capable of acting intelligently, and doing things that would normally be done by people – equally as well, or sometimes better. AI refers to the science and methodology itself, and to the behaviour exhibited by the machines and programs which result from it.

The term was first introduced during The Dartmouth Conference of 1956, by Stanford University researcher John McCarthy. In its practical applications since then, three distinct approaches to AI have evolved.

Strong AI

Machines and applications in this field are designed to simulate the functions of actual human intelligence – to think as we think. Systems may also have the ability to explain why humans think the way they do. The “Holy Grail”of this approach is to create machines that are artificial simulations of human consciousness – a level that we’re some way distant from.

Weak AI

The products of this philosophy are functioning systems and software that do things that humans do – but not necessarily in the same way. Weak AI machines may behave like people on the surface, but they don’t have the capacity to reveal how humans think. An example of this would be the chess-playing capabilities of IBM’s Deep Blue.

AI “In Between”

The middle ground of Artificial Intelligence is the largest active field, and covers systems and software inspired or fuelled by human reasoning. Pattern recognition and machine learning techniques used by the likes of Google’s Deep Learning or the IBM Watson project fall into this category.

General or Narrow?

Systems designed with the ability to reason in general, but without applications for a specific purpose are classified as general AI. This contrasts with narrow AI, which includes machines and software designed for specific purposes. It’s these narrow systems that see application in the day to day running of computer systems.

How can the Cyber Security industry benefit from Artificial Intelligence?

Prevention of cyber-threats and the avoidance of attacks represents the ideal, but it’s almost inevitable that incidents will occur. And when they do, a rapid response is crucial, both in minimizing the damage caused by the assault, and in recovering from its effects.

With a “thinking machine”, rapid response could be written into its DNA. Algorithms dedicated to spotting potential threats could be implemented in real time, to give a moment by moment response to an attack.

Existing security software databases and algorithms have a limited scope, and are sometimes unable to keep pace with the rapid development and mutation of new threat vectors. Adaptive or machine learning algorithms designed into an intelligent security system have the potential to identify and respond to threats as occur – even changing ones.

And these intelligent security devices could have the inherent ability to keep on learning: to study current pools of knowledge and extrapolate from them to anticipate future threats, and appropriate responses.

AI also has the potential to increase the scale of resistance that a system has to ongoing attacks. If an organization has a large volume of hardware (office computer systems, mobile devices, smart devices worn by its members, appliances hooked up to the Internet of Things, etc.), it’s possible for a cyber-assault to target any number of these. In response to such an assault, automated mechanisms backed by Artificial Intelligence could be deployed to meet each incoming threat as it presents itself, taking counter-measures in real time.

Current and Future Implementation of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security: Defensive and Offensive Measures

In traditional security set-ups, real-time responses to cyber-threats are often hampered by the speed and sometimes shifting nature of the attack itself, and the sheer volume of data that needs to be analyzed in order to formulate a response, and plot out a remediation strategy.

Human security analysts typically can’t handle this task alone, and require at least some degree of automation in their cyber-threat response mechanisms. Today’s AI systems, with their machine learning algorithms and real-time (or near real-time) counter-measures are the early stage in what promises to be an evolving security landscape.

The next logical level is the application of intelligent learning capabilities in security software, so that it becomes better able to dynamically react to a range of threats (which may be changing, themselves).

Proactive measures are also part of the mix. It’s widely believed that several governments are already at work on artificially intelligent components to existing weapons systems, capable of acting autonomously to evaluate potential threats and eliminate them by deploying pre-emptive cyber-attacks or espionage activities of their own.

From a security perspective, the future presents not only opportunities for deploying AI technology, but also the need to ask some searching questions – and to consider some of the operational difficulties of AI in use.

For example, since AI is in essence a technology like any other, future applications will require some assured measures of quality control, so that software and systems will behave as they’ve been programmed to do – and not overstep their bounds. They must also be designed to be resistant to cyber-attacks, in their own right – with some kind of verification and validation measures in place, to confirm their continued usability, in the event of an assault.

There are also ethical and legal issues to consider, such as who bears responsibility for the actions of an autonomous or intelligent machine, in the field.

It’s by no means a clear picture yetArtificial Intelligence in Cyber Security, but the future of artificial intelligence in cyber security applications clearly promises to be an interesting one.


Comments




Send Comment

Need a custom
essay?

We will write it for you.
Order now

Free Essay Examples

Free essays:

All you need to know about the ACA Code of ethics
Architecture and Democracy: An Introduction
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Values
Architecture and Democracy: Democratic Procedures
All You Need to Know About a Synthesis Essay
An essential guide to understanding Film Theory
Application of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security
Applications of electrical engineering
Augmented reality: what it is, how it works, examples
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Social Networking
All you need to know about Cryptography
Applications of astrophysical science
All you need to know about architecture engineering
Applications of geological engineering
Artificial intelligence and medicine: an increasingly close relationship
An insight into Computational Biology
ACA code of conduct
A Rose for Emily
Applications of Mathematics in daily life
Architecture mistakes to avoid
All you need to know about Toxicology
All you need to know about Holistic Medicine
All you need to know about linguistics
An introduction to Linguistics and its subfields
All you need to know about Anxiety disorder
All you need to know about Drones
A Brief Insight into Political Science
Assumptions related to feminism
All you need to know about Byzantine emperors
All you need to know about labour economics
An insight into xenobots -the first-ever robots
An ultimate guide about Biomaterials
Biomedical engineering trends to look out for
Bionic Limbs and Technology: Advancements Improving Patients' Lives
Bipolar disorder: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment
Biochemistry of neurotransmitter
Brain-Computer Interface systems with EEG signals
Consequences of racial discrimination in urban housing development
Cryptocurrency: Advantages and Disadvantages
Character Archetypes: The Good
Character Archetypes: The Bad
Contemporary art trends
Commonly Confused Words
Commonly Confused Words: Part 2
Characteristics of the byzantine architecture
Data Visualization: What it is and why it matters?
Data Science: Fundamental tools for data analysis
Different forms of dance you should know about
Digital Imaging: What Is It?
Dynamic Systems Modeling with Machine Learning
Eat To Live or Live To Eat
Everything you need to know about WiMAX
Everything you need to know about Data Science
Everything you need to know about Virtual memory
Entrepreneur trends to know about
Effects of Different Environmental Factors on Artworks
Film styles and the types of styles for shooting a film
Famous African American literature authors
How to Write a Personal Essay
Housing Needs in America
How to Write a Description Essay
How to Create an Excellent Scholarship Essay?
How to write a cause and effect essay
How to Hire the Best Essay Writing Service Provider?
How to Write a College Application Essay?
How to get the most out of your English lectures
How to write Expository Essay
How to succeed in your psychology class?
How to Write an Academic Essay in the Shortest Time?
History of Journalism
How Different Sectors are Using Artificial intelligence (AI)
How to write an informative essay
How to deliver persuasive essays?
How to Give a Convincing Presentation
How to write an essay on leadership?
Historical Art Still Around Today
Humanoid robot: what it is, how it works and price
History of Chemistry
Healthcare Advanced Computer Power: Robotics, Medical Imaging, and More
Healthcare AI: Game Changers for Medical Decision-Making and Remote Patient Monitoring
How to understand different types of English
How to Cope with Chronic Pain
How African American choreographers and dancers have influenced American dance
How mobile robot can do in logistics or in production
How To Become a Successful Entrepreneur
History of the Philosophy of Feminism
How is the climate changing?
How to Track Your Content Marketing ROI
How to Gun control In the USA?
Historical and contemporary role of labour in the modern world
Introduction to Urban Studies
Importance of dance in education
InMoov: how to build an open source humanoid robot
Importance of KYC verification to making the Blockchain secure
Importance of Rhythm
Importance of dance student evaluation
I/O control methods -types and explanations
Identity theft: what to do?
Introduction to Utilitarianism
Know about the history of science
Know about the different forms of traditional African dances
Latest dance trends
Latest technology trends
Modern sociology trends you should know about
Modern Art that the Past Would Have Scorned
Modern Art that the Past Would Have Scorned, Part 2
Memory Management in an Operating System
Misconceptions About the Word “Introvert”
Major healthcare trends
Nuclear fusion: What it is and how it works?
Neural networks: what they are and what they are for
Philosophy of Art: Written Forms as Art
Robotic Integration into Our Lives: Now and the Future
Role of a neuroscientist
Risk management, meaning, and importance for companies
Role of gender studies
Role of a digital artist
Should You Start a Career Or Enter University At 18?
Smoking Should Be Banned
Should You Go Digital?
Standard finance terms to know about
Social robots
Schizophrenia - a rare psychiatric illness | Essay
The Looming Energy Crisis in America
Top benefits of performance-based engineering
The More Languages You Know, The More Times You Are a Man
Things to consider while writing an Argumentative Essay
Top Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing Skills
Tips to Excel in Creative Writing
The origins of films in the early 19th century
Top career options in Architecture
The Elevator Pitch
Top finance trends 2020
The basic Structure and functionality of robots
The Way to Success
The election system of the President in the United States of America
Two-party System in United States of America
Top trends in urban design
The history and theory of African American filmmaking
Top benefits of creative writing
Tinnitus Guide: Common Symptoms and Treatment Options
The language of dance
The digital image processing management
Top famous politicians of the World
Top methods of political science!
The history of the feminist movement
The blood flow in cardiovascular system - Biofluid Mechanics
Understanding the sociology of Race & Ethnicity
Urban planning in the US
Virtual reality, what it is and how it works
Various theoretical perspectives of sociology
What is a Definition Essay?
What are diagnostic essays?
What is the relation between art structural engineering?
What is a Narrative Essay
What are robotics and intelligence systems?
What are the benefits of studying health sciences?
What is artificial intelligence and why it matters?
What is comparative Literature?
Why study neuroscience
What is Wi-Fi and how does it works
What is French history famous for?
What are Humanistic Studies?
What is covered in Biophysics?
What is modern journalism?
What is Virtualization? Benefits & Applications
What are modern public relations?
What is plasma physics?
What is teacher preparation?
What is rapid prototyping for 3D printing?
What is contemporary European Politics?
Why should you learn American Ballet?
What is engineering physics?
What is the purpose of African American Literature?
Ways to learn the Rhythm
What is digital art used for?
What are Enzymes and how do they work
Who is the father of political science?
Why Study Political Science - Job?
What is the Philosophy of Feminism?
What is a quantum computer?
Ways B2B Startups Streamline Their Conversion Strategies
Why do biomedical signals need processing?
What are the long term effects of climate change?
Why study labour relations
What is Holoprosencephaly?
4 Facts about Origin of Mathematics!
5 techniques to create an animation
13 Best colleges for political science in the world