Counselors hold an essential role in the development and evolution of individuals and society. Counselors have a responsibility to maintain and improve relations, to supervise the well-being of individuals, to work with various social principles and data. They are accountable for their position. This situation is understood by the American Consulting Association External Link (ACA). They developed an ethical code revised every ten years to assist consultants in navigating the challenges and sensitivities in their positions.
What does the ACA Ethics Code intend to do?
Codes of ethical conduct provide consultants with technical norms to defend customers ' integrity and well-being. The primary considerations for the ethics directive include notifying specialist counselors and advisers about their ethical rules, their career commitments, and their duties. It assists counselors in deciding on a suitable intervention scheme for their customers and stipulates moral norms for claims and requests about ACA employees.
The five fundamental specialist principles of advice are,
- Promote human development over the entire lifetime.
- Promote the value, respect, capacity, and uniqueness of individuals in their social and economic situations.
- Encouraging social justice
- Protecting the dignity of the connection between counselor and client
- Practice in a skilled and ethical way
Major Sections of the ACA Code of Ethics
1. The counseling relationships (Section A)
The aim of Section A is to provide ethical rules on advice on interactions, including clients' health, informed consent, and the management of several communications, to support the guidance provided in Section A.
Counselors have to:
- Work carefully to build and maintain a trust-based connection with the clients.
- Get the customers joining a mentoring partnership, educated permission.
- Respect the privacy of a client.
- Describe to customers precisely what counseling involves, the charges, group activity, and contract termination.
- Know the society, values, and opinions of the customers.
2. Confidentiality and privacy (Section B)
The objective of Section B is the provision of ethical guidance focusing on the significance of confidence, limits, and exclusive relationships.
- Continuously, communicate the notion of confidentiality clauses to their customers.
- Inform clients of the confidentiality constraints of what data should be revealed. It will safeguard clients or other persons from damage.
- Discuss whether and how data can be exchanged.
- Understand ethical and legal problems in practice with clients who are unable to provide advised permission for minors and impaired customers.
- Keep documents in an authorized condition.
3. Professional Liability (Section C)
The objective of Section C is to implement ethical rules which promote the exercise of therapy.
- Adhere to the ACA Code of Ethics for Counselors.
- Engage in groups to enhance the career.
- Practice scientific-based therapy.
- Be aware when talking to the press and promotion.
- Participate in self-care practices to operate to the maximum level.
4. Colleague, employee and employer co-operations (Section D)
Section D aims to provide ethical rules focused on creating operating interactions with employees within and outside the domain of counseling.
- Build partnerships with peers in other fields and respect the people with distinct methods in theory.
- Give consultation facilities within skill domains.
- Provide appropriate references to consultations, if requested or required.
5. Assessment, review, and interpretation (Section E)
Section E aims to implement an ethical guideline focused on how official and casual reviews should and will be ethically utilized.
- understand the use of surveys as a significant component of data collection
- Help in the processing and assessment of customers.
- Use education, emotional hygiene, forensics, and professional reviews on which they have been educated and extensive knowledge in management and interpretation supervision.
- Diagnosis customers and correctly and socially sensitively understand judgments.
6. Guidance, instruction and educating (Section F)
Section F aims to offer ethical guidelines to establish interactions with supervisors, learners, and apprentices in a way that supports moral limits in a teaching setting.
Counseling managers must
- Be educated before they give oversight facilities in monitoring methods and techniques.
- Be accountable for tracking the wellness of clients and supervisors through a multitude of tracking procedures, including periodic conferences and daily supervisory procedures.
- Be conscious of the position of multiculturalism and variety in surveillance relations, and tackle them.
Endorse oversees the performance of qualifications and functions in accreditation, license, jobs, or the closure of a qualifying course.
- Students must be conscious of the ACA ethics code and relevant legislation as a matter of accountability.
- Understand the consequences of stopping counseling other people if they are disabled.
- Disclose their supervisory position before starting to provide advice to others.
7. Research and communication (Section G)
Section G is designed to provide ethical instructions on how to undertake studies on natural topics and publish and show outcomes in an ethical manner.
- Conduct study consistent with ethical values, national and government legislation, host organizational regulations, and study science norms.
- Keep the studies confidential.
- Be accountable for the well-being of respondents during the study phase.
- Inform people through educated approval of their freedoms as study participants.
- Precise study planning, conducting, and reporting.
8. Distance counseling and social media (Section H)
This section is aimed at providing ethical guidance on the socially responsible use of technologies and social media in counseling.
- Consultants must be aware of distance counseling statutes and social media regulations.
- Use remote counseling after obtaining expertise through coaching.
- Inform customers about the limitations of privacy and possible Internet breaks due to technological nature.
- Appreciate the benefits and disadvantages of distance guidance
9. Resolving Ethical Issues (Section I)
Section I's goal is to guide on the ethical issues to deal with ethical problems with other consultants and to solve them.
- Conduct ethically and legally and recognize if a conflict occurs between codes of ethics and laws.
- Taking ethical decisions in the face of a moral dilemma, use, and document them.
- Hold other advisers to similar professional behavior standards.
- Solve ethical dilemmas by communicating directly to all parties concerned.